BPS CTE Technology and Engineering Standards Book


TEC Standard 1 - Nature and Characteristics of Technology and Engineering

TEC-MS.1 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.1.01    Develop innovative products and systems that solve problems and extend capabilities based on individual or collective needs and wants.
  • TEC-MS.1.02    Compare and contrast the contributions of science, engineering, mathematics, and technology in the development of technological systems.
  • TEC-MS.1.03    Explain how technology and engineering are closely linked to creativity, which can result in both intended and unintended innovations.
  • TEC-MS.1.04    Apply creative problem-solving strategies to the improvement of existing devices or processes or the development of new approaches
TEC-HS.1 High School
  • TEC-HS.1.01    Explain how the world around them guides technological development and engineering design.
  • TEC-HS.1.02    Assess how similarities and differences among scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technological knowledge and skills contributed to the design of a product or system.
  • TEC-HS.1.03    Analyze the rate of technological development and predict future diffusion and adoption of new technologies.
  • TEC-HS.1.04    Conduct research to inform intentional inventions and innovations that address specific needs and wants.
  • TEC-HS.1.05    Develop a plan that incorporates knowledge from science, mathematics, and other disciplines to design or improve a technological product of system.

TEC Standard 2 - Core Concepts of Technology and Engineering

TEC-MS.2 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.2.01 Differentiate between inputs, processes, outputs, and feedback in technological systems.
  • TEC-MS.2.02 Illustrate how systems thinking involves considering relationships between every part, as well as how the system interacts with the environment in which it is used.
  • TEC-MS.2.03 Create an open-loop system that has no feedback path and requires human intervention.
  • TEC-MS.2.04 Create a closed-loop system that has a feedback path and requires no human intervention.
  • TEC-MS.2.05 Predict outcomes of a future product or system at the beginning of the design process.
  • TEC-MS.2.06 Compare how different technologies involve different sets of processes.
  • TEC-MS.2.07 Defend decisions related to a design problem.
TEC-HS.2 High School
  • TEC-HS.2.01 Demonstrate the use of conceptual, graphical, virtual, mathematical, and physical modeling to identify conflicting considerations before the entire system is developed and to aid in design decision making.
  • TEC-HS.2.02 Diagnose a flawed system embedded within a larger technological, social, or environmental system.
  • TEC-HS.2.03 Analyze the stability of a technological system and how it is influenced by all the components in the system, especially those in the feedback loop.
  • TEC-HS.2.04 Select resources that involve tradeoffs between competing values, such as availability, cost, desirability, and waste, while solving problems.
  • TEC-HS.2.05 Cite examples of the criteria and constraints of a product or system and how they affect final design.
  • TEC-HS.2.06 Implement quality control as a planned process to ensure that a product, service, or system meets established criteria.
  • TEC-HS.2.07 Use management processes in planning, organizing, and controlling work.

TEC Standard 3 - Integration of Knowledge, Technologies, and Practices

TEC-MS.3 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.3.01 Analyze how different technological systems often interact with economic, environmental, and social systems.
  • TEC-MS.3.02 Apply a product, system, or process developed for one setting to another setting.
  • TEC-MS.3.03 Explain how knowledge gained from other content areas affects the development of technological products and systems
TEC-HS.3 High School
  • TEC-HS.3.01 Analyze how technology transfer occurs when a user applies an existing innovation developed for one function to a different purpose.
  • TEC-HS.3.02 Evaluate how technology enhances opportunities for new products and services through globalization.
  • TEC-HS.3.03 Connect technological progress to the advancement of other areas of knowledge, and vice versa.

TEC Standard 4 - Impact of Technology

TEC-MS.4 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.4.01 Explain the ways that technology can have both positive and negative effects at the same time.
  • TEC-MS.4.02 Analyze how the creation and use of technologies consumes renewable and non-renewable resources and creates waste.
  • TEC-MS.4.03 Devise strategies for reducing, reusing, and recycling waste caused from the creation and use of technology.
  • TEC-MS.4.04 Analyze examples of technologies that have changed the way people think, interact, and communicate.
  • TEC-MS.4.05 Hypothesize what alternative outcomes (individual, cultural, and/or environmental) might have resulted had a different technological solution been selected.
TEC-HS.4 High School
  • TEC-HS.4.01 Evaluate ways that technology can impact individuals, society, and the environment.
  • TEC-HS.4.02 Critique whether existing and proposed technologies use resources sustainably.
  • TEC-HS.4.03 Assess a technology that minimizes resource use and resulting waste to achieve a goal.
  • TEC-HS.4.04 Develop a solution to a technological problem that has the least negative environmental and social impact.
  • TEC-HS.4.05 Evaluate how technologies alter human health and capabilities.

TEC Standard 5 - Influence of Society on Technological Development

TEC-MS.5 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.5.01 Analyze how an invention or innovation was influenced by its historical context.
  • TEC-MS.5.02 Evaluate trade-offs based on various perspectives as part of a decision process that recognizes the need for careful compromises among competing factors.
TEC-HS.5 High School
  • TEC-HS.5.01 Evaluate a technological innovation that arose from a specific society‚Äôs unique need or want.
  • TEC-HS.5.02 Evaluate a technological innovation that was met with societal resistance, impacting its development.
  • TEC-HS.5.03 Design an appropriate technology for use in a different culture.

TEC Standard 6 - History of Technology

TEC-MS.6 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.6.01 Compare various technologies and how they have contributed to human progress.
  • TEC-MS.6.02 Engage in a research and development process to simulate how inventions and innovations have evolved through systematic tests and refinements.
  • TEC-MS.6.03 Verify how specialization of function has been at the heart of many technological improvements.
TEC-HS.6 High School
  • TEC-HS.6.01 Relate how technological development has been evolutionary, often the result of a series of refinements to basic inventions or technological knowledge.
  • TEC-HS.6.02 Verify that the evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has in turn affected, the development and use of tools, materials, and processes.
  • TEC-HS.6.03 Evaluate how technology has been a powerful force in reshaping social, cultural, political, and economic landscapes throughout history.
  • TEC-HS.6.04 Analyze how the Industrial Revolution resulted in the development of mass production, sophisticated transportation, and communication systems, advanced construction practices, and improved education and leisure time.
  • TEC-HS.6.05 Investigate the widespread changes that have resulted from the Information Age, which has placed emphasis on the processing and exchange of information.

TEC Standard 7 - Design in Technology and Engineering Education

TEC-MS.7 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.7.01 Illustrate the benefits and opportunities associated with different approaches to design.
  • TEC-MS.7.02 Apply the technology and engineering design process.
  • TEC-MS.7.03 Refine design solutions to address criteria and constraints.
  • TEC-MS.7.04 Create solutions to problems by identifying and applying human factors in design.
  • TEC-MS.7.05 Assess design quality based upon established principles and elements of design.
  • TEC-MS.7.06 Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different design solutions.
  • TEC-MS.7.07 Improve essential skills necessary to successfully design.
TEC-HS.7 High School
  • TEC-HS.7.01 Determine the best approach by evaluating the purpose of the design.
  • TEC-HS.7.02 Document trade-offs in the technology and engineering design process to produce the optimal design.
  • TEC-HS.7.03 Optimize a design by addressing desired qualities within criteria and constraints.
  • TEC-HS.7.04 Apply principles of human-centered design.
  • TEC-HS.7.05 Illustrate principles, elements, and factors of design.
  • TEC-HS.7.06 Implement the best possible solution to a design.
  • TEC-HS.7.07 Apply a broad range of design skills to their design process.
  • TEC-HS.7.08 Apply a broad range of making skills to their design process.

TEC Standard 8 - Applying, Maintaining, and Assessing Technological Products and Systems

TEC-MS.8 Middle School
  • TEC-MS.8.01 Research information from various sources to use and maintain technological products or systems.
  • TEC-MS.8.02 Use tools, materials, and machines to safely diagnose, adjust, and repair systems.
  • TEC-MS.8.03 Use devices to control technological systems.
  • TEC-MS.8.04 Design methods to gather data about technological systems.
  • TEC-MS.8.05 Interpret the accuracy of information collected.
  • TEC-MS.8.06 Use instruments to gather data on the performance of everyday products.
TEC-HS.8 High School
  • TEC-HS.8.01 Use various approaches to communicate processes and procedures for using, maintaining, and assessing technological products and systems.
  • TEC-HS.8.02 Develop a device or system for the marketplace.
  • TEC-HS.8.03 Apply appropriate methods to diagnose, adjust, and repair systems to ensure precise, safe, and proper functionality.
  • TEC-HS.8.04 Synthesize data and analyze trends to make decisions about technological products, systems, or processes.
  • TEC-HS.8.05 Interpret the results of technology assessment to guide policy development.