- Old Kingdom

The Old Kingdom came first and formed the strong central government. The leaders of this period organized resources to allow for irrigation, extensive food storage, and great growth of the empire. They supervised the construction of the first great monuments of Egyptian architecture, the Great Pyramids. These marvels are located at Giza, which is on the west bank of the Nile near Egypt’s current capital of Cairo. During the Old Kingdom Egyptians had followed the Sun King, Ra, and invented an accurate solar calendar. It is similar to the Gregorian calendar that we use today. Egyptians of the Old Kingdom also made great advancements in art and culture.