BPS District English Standards Book

K-12 Grade Levels

Kindergarten

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glossary iconK Grade English
"I can ... statements"

KindergartenLearning new language skills is a hallmark of kindergarten. Your child will learn about the alphabet and its role in reading. Your child will practice rhyming, matching words with beginning sounds, and blending sounds into words. Practice with these types of activities is a powerful step toward learning to read and spell correctly. The size of your child’s vocabulary is another key factor in his or her ability to read and comprehend books and stories. Your child also will begin to experiment with writing and will be encouraged to use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing letters to share information, ideas, and feelings.

ELA-00.RL Strand:

[RL] Reading Literature

    • ELA-00.RL.01 With prompting and support, Ask and answer questions about key/supporting details in a text before, during, and after reading.
    • ELA-00.RL.02 With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key/supporting details.
    • ELA-00.RL.03 With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.
    • ELA-00.RL.04 Ask and answer questions about words with unknown meanings, in a story or poem.
    • ELA-00.RL.05 Recognize common types of texts using their unique features throughout the selection.
    • ELA-00.RL.06 With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.
    • ELA-00.RL.07 With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear.
    • ELA-00.RL.09 With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.
    • ELA-00.RL.10 Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

ELA-00.RI Strand:

[RI] Reading Information

    • ELA-00.RI.01 with prompting and support, Ask and answer questions about key/supporting details in a text.
    • ELA-00.RI.02 With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key/supporting details of a text.
    • ELA-00.RI.03 With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
    • ELA-00.RI.04 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about words with unknown meanings in a text.
    • ELA-00.RI.05 Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
    • ELA-00.RI.06 With prompting and support, name or locate the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.
    • ELA-00.RI.07 With prompting and support, describe the relationship between photographs or illustrations and the text in which they appear.
    • ELA-00.RI.08 With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.
    • ELA-00.RI.09 With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic.
    • ELA-00.RI.10 Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

ELA-00.RF Strand:

[RF] Reading Foundational

    • ELA-00.RF.01 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. a. . b. c. d.
      • ELA-00.RF.01.a Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page
      • ELA-0.RF.01.b Recognize spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
      • ELA-0.RF.01.c Understand words are separated by spaces in print.
      • ELA-00.RF.01.d Recognize and name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
    • ELA-00.RF.02 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes)
      • ELA-00.RF.02.a Recognize and produce rhyming words.
      • ELA-0.RF.02.b Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words
      • ELA-0.RF.02.c Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
      • ELA-00.RF.02.d -Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/). ELA-00.RF.02.e Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, single-syllable words to make new words.
    • ELA-00.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
      • ELA-00.RF.03.a Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.
      • ELA-00.RF.03.b Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
      • ELA-00.RF.03.c Decode and Use CVC words.
      • ELA-0.RF.03.d Read common high-frequency words by sight.
      • ELA-0.RF.03.e Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
    • ELA-00.RF.04 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
      • ELA-0.RF.04.a Read grade level text with purpose and understanding.
      • ELA-0.RF.04.b Read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings
      • ELA-0.RF.04.c Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

ELA-00.W Strand:

[W] Writing

    • ELA-00.W.01 Write opinion pieces using a combination of drawing and writing.
    • ELA-00.W.02 Write informative/explanatory texts using a combination of drawing and writing.
    • ELA-00.W.03 Write narratives using a combination of drawing, and writing.
    • ELA-00.W.05 With guidance and support from adults, respond to questions and suggestions from peers and add details to strengthen writing as needed.
    • ELA-00.W.06 With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including collaboration with peers.
    • ELA-00.W.07 Participate in shared research and writing projects.
    • ELA-00.W.08 With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

ELA-00.SL Strand:

[SL] Speaking and Listening

    • ELA-00.SL.01 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. a. Follow agreed upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about
    • ELA-00.SL.02 Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key/supporting details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.
    • ELA-00.SL.03 Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.
    • ELA-00.SL.04 Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.
    • ELA-00.SL.05 Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail. ELA-00.SL.06 Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

ELA-00.L Strand:

[L] Language

    • ELA-00.L.01 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking…
      • ELA-0.L.01.a Uppercase and lowercase letters.
      • ELA-0.L.01.b Use question words (interrogatives).
      • ELA-0.L.01.c Produce complete sentences in shared language activities.
      • ELA-0.L.01.d Common and proper noun.
      • ELA-0.L.01.e Use regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/.
      • ELA-0.L.01.f Use frequently occurring adjectives.
      • ELA-0.L.01.g Use articles.
      • ELA-0.L.01.h Use frequently occurring conjunctions (and, or, but).
      • ELA-0.L.01.i Use prepositions.
    • ELA-00.L.02 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • ELA-00.L.04 With guidance and support from adults, determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.
      • ELA-0.L.04.a Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately.
      • ELA-0.L.04.b Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.
    • ELA-00.L.05 With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
      • ELA-0.L.05.a Sort common objects into categories to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
      • ELA-0.L.05.b Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites.
      • ELA-0.L.05.c Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
      • ELA-0.L.05.d Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action by acting out the meanings.
    • ELA-00.L.06 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading, being read to, and responding to texts.

A Sample of What Your Child Will Be Working on in Kindergarten

  • Naming upper- and lower-case letters, matching those letters with their sounds, and printing them
  • Comparing the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories, such as fairy tales and folktales
  • Retelling familiar stories and talking about stories read to them using details from the text
  • Using a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to describe an event, including his or her reaction to what happened
  • Stating an opinion or preference about a topic or book in writing (e.g., “My favorite book is . . .”)
  • Taking part in classroom conversations and following rules for discussions (e.g., learning to listen to others and taking turns when speaking)
  • Speaking clearly to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas, including descriptions of familiar people, places, things, and events
  • Asking and answering questions about key details in stories or other information read aloud
  • Understanding and using question words (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how) in discussions
  • Learning to recognize, spell, and properly use those little grammatical words that hold the language together (e.g., a, the, to, of, from, I, is, are)