BPS District English Standards Book

K-12 Grade Levels

Grade 01


glossary icon1st Grade English
"I can ... statements"

First GradeIn 1st grade, your child will become a more independent reader and writer. Your child will continue to learn and practice rules for recognizing the sounds that make up words and will be able to sound out more complex words. Such foundational skills are necessary and important components of developing proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend a wide range of materials. Students will learn to think about what they read and talk about the main ideas of simple stories. As they write and speak, 1st graders will learn to use language appropriately; this includes using complete sentences and spelling words with increasing accuracy.

ELA-01.RL Strand:

[RL] Reading Literature

    • ELA-01.RL.01 Ask and answer questions about key/supporting details in a text before, during, and after reading.
    • ELA-01.RL.02 Retell stories, including key/supporting details, and Demonstrate understanding of their central or main idea. central Idea = synonymous with main idea.
    • ELA-01.RL.03 Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key/supporting details.
    • ELA-01.RL.04 Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
    • ELA-01.RL.05 Explain the differences between fiction and nonfiction text using a wide range of text types.
    • ELA-01.RL.06 Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.
    • ELA-01.RL.07 Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.
    • ELA-01.RL.09 Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.
    • ELA-01.RL.10 Read prose and poetry on grade level1 proficiently and independently. Prose- spoken or written language as in ordinary usage. Distinguished from poetry by its lack of a rhythmic structure.

ELA-01.RI Strand:

[RI] Reading Information

    • ELA-01.RI.01 Ask and answer questions about key/supporting details in a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.02 Identify the main topic and retell key/supporting details of a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.03 Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.04 Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.05 Know and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.06 Distinguish between information provided by photographs or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.07 Use the photographs or illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.
    • ELA-01.RI.08 Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.
    • ELA-01.RI.09 Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic.
    • ELA-01.RI.10 Proficiently read informational texts on grade level.

ELA-01.RF Strand:

[RF] Reading Foundational

    • ELA-01.RF.01 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
      • ELA-1.RF.01.a Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence .
    • ELA-01.RF.02 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
      • ELA-1.RF.02.a Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
      • ELA-1.RF.02.b Orally produce single-syllable words, by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.
      • ELA-1.RF.02.c Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.
      • ELA-1.RF.02.d Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).
    • ELA-01.RF.03 know and Apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
      • ELA-1.RF.03.a Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs.
      • ELA-1.RF.03.b Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words. ELA-01.RF.03.c Demonstrate use of beginning and ending blends
      • ELA-1.RF.03.d Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
      • ELA-1.RF.03.e Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
      • ELA-1.RF.03.f Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.
      • ELA-1.RF.03.g Read words with inflectional endings. ELA-01.RF.03.h Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
    • ELA-01.RF.04 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

ELA-01.W Strand:

[W] Writing

    • ELA-01.W.01 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure.
    • ELA-01.W.02 Write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.
    • ELA-01.W.03 Write narratives in which they recount two or more appropriately sequenced events, Include some details regarding what happened, Use temporal words to signal event order, and provide some sense of closure.
    • ELA-01.W.05 With guidance and support from adults, focus on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions from peers, and add details to strengthen writing as needed.
    • ELA-01.W.06 With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including collaboration with peers.
    • ELA-01.W.07 Participate in shared research and writing projects.
    • ELA-01.W.08 With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

ELA-01.SL Strand:

[SL] Speaking and Listening

    • ELA-01.SL.01 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    • ELA-01.SL.02 Ask and answer questions about key/supporting details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media and requesting clarification if something is not understood.
    • ELA-01.SL.03 Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood.
    • ELA-01.SL.04 Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly.
    • ELA-01.SL.05 Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings. ELA-01.SL.06 Speak in complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation. (See grade 1 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

ELA-01.L Strand:

[L] Language

    • ELA-01.L.01 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking…
      • Introduce:

      • ELA-1.L.01.a Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
      • ELA-1.L.01.b Correctly use common homophones. ELA-01.L.01.c Ensure subject verb-agreement. ELA-01.L.01.d Produce compound sentences.
      • ELA-1.L.01.e Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (simple subject/verb agreement).
      • ELA-1.L.01.f Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
      • ELA-1.L.01.g Form and use the simple verb tenses.
      • ELA-1.L.01.h Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns.
      • ELA-1.L.01.i Use adjectives depending on what is to be modified.
      • Practice:

      • ELA-1.L.01.j Use demonstratives (that, those, these, this).
      • ELA-1.L.01.k Use question words (interrogatives).
      • ELA-1.L.01.l Produce complete sentences in shared language activities.
      • ELA-1.L.01.m Common and proper nouns.
      • ELA-1.L.01.n Use regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/.
      • ELA-1.L.01.o Use frequently occurring adjectives.
      • ELA-1.L.01.p Use articles.
      • Displays proficiency in:

      • ELA-1.L.01.q Uppercase and lowercase letters.
      • ELA-1.L.01.r Use frequently occurring conjunctions (and, or, but).
      • ELA-1.L.01.s Use prepositions.
    • ELA-01.L.02 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • ELA-01.L.04 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiplemeaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
      • ELA-1.L.04.a Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
      • ELA-1.L.04.b Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to the meaning of a word.
      • ELA-1.L.04.c Identify frequently occurring root words and their inflectional forms.
    • ELA-01.L.05 With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
      • ELA-1.L.05.a Sort words into categories to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
      • ELA-1.L.05.b Define words by category and by one or more key attributes.
      • ELA-1.L.05.c Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
      • ELA-1.L.05.d Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner and adjectives differing in intensity by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meaning.
    • ELA-01.L.06 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading, being read to, and responding to texts, including using frequently occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships.

A Sample of What Your Child Will Be Working on in 1st Grade

  • Using phonics (matching letters and sounds) and word analysis skills to figure out unfamiliar words when reading and writing
  • Describing characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details
  • Getting facts and information from different writings
  • Writing about a topic, supplying some facts, and providing some sense of opening and closing
  • Participating in shared research and writing projects (e.g., exploring a number of “how-to” books and using them to write a sequence of instructions)
  • Taking part in conversations about topics and texts being studied by responding to the comments of others and asking questions to clear up any confusion
  • Describing people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly and with complete sentences
  • Producing and expanding complete simple and compound statements, questions, commands, and exclamations
  • Identifying the correct meaning for a word with multiple meanings, based on the sentence or paragraph in which the word is used (e.g., deciding whether the word bat means a flying mammal or a club used in baseball)
  • Learning to think about finer distinctions in the meanings of near-synonyms (e.g., marching, prancing, strutting, strolling, walking)