BPS District English Standards Book

K-12 Grade Levels

Grade 02


glossary icon2nd Grade English
"I can ... statements"

Second GradeStudents in 2nd grade will gain more skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. They continue to learn and practice rules for matching sounds to letters that make up words, and they learn new concepts — such as words that share the same root (e.g., add and additional) — that help them figure out the meanings of new words. Writing will become an exciting way for your child to use newly learned words and phrases to express ideas. As they write and speak, 2nd graders will be more attentive to the formal and informal uses of English and will spell most words correctly in their writing.

ELA-02.RL Strand:

[RL] Reading Literature

    • ELA-02.RL.01 Ask and answer who, what, where, when, why, and how questions to Demonstrate understanding of key/supporting details in a text before, during, and after reading.
    • ELA-02.RL.02 recount stories from a variety of genres and diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral. central message = can be theme, a moral, or a specific kind of lesson to be learned.
    • ELA-02.RL.03 Describe settings and how characters in a story, respond to major events and challenges.
    • ELA-02.RL.04 Describe how words and phrases supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
    • ELA-02.RL.05 Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
    • ELA-02.RL.06 Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
    • ELA-02.RL.07 Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
    • ELA-02.RL.08 (Not applicable to literature)
    • ELA-02.RL.09 Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by different authors or from different cultures.
    • ELA-02.RL.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, on grade level1 proficiently and independently.

ELA-02.RI Strand:

[RI] Reading Information

    • ELA-02.RI.01 Ask and answer who, what, where, when, why, and how to Demonstrate understanding of key/supporting details in a text.
    • ELA-02.RI.02 Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text and Retell key/supporting details that support the main topic.
    • ELA-02.RI.03 Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
    • ELA-02.RI.04 Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
    • ELA-02.RI.05 Know and use various text features to efficiently locate key facts or information in a text.
    • ELA-02.RI.06 Identify the main purpose of a text, including the author’s point of view, explanation, or description.
    • ELA-02.RI.07 Explain how specific images contribute to and clarify a text. ELA-02.RI.08 Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.
    • ELA-02.RI.09 Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
    • ELA-02.RI.10 Proficiently read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts on grade level.

ELA-02.RF Strand:

[RF] Reading Foundational

    • ELA-02.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
      • ELA-2.RF.03.a Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
      • ELA-2.RF.03.b Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.
      • ELA-2.RF.03.c Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.
      • ELA-2.RF.03.d Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.
      • ELA-2.RF.03.e Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling sound correspondences.
      • ELA-2.RF.03.f Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
    • ELA-02.RF.04 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Read grade level text with purpose and understanding.
      • ELA-2.RF.04.a Read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
      • ELA-2.RF.04.b Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

ELA-02.W Strand:

[W] Writing

    • ELA-02.W.01 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, Use linking words to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section.
    • ELA-02.W.02 Write informative/explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, Use facts and definitions to Develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section.
    • ELA-02.W.03 Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, Include details to Describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, Use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure.
    • ELA-02.W.04 (Begins in grade 3)
    • ELA-02.W.05 With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
    • ELA-02.W.06 Use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including collaboration with peers.
    • ELA-02.W.07 Participate in shared research and writing projects.
    • ELA-02.W.08 Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.
    • ELA-02.W.09 (Begins in grade 4)
    • ELA-02.W.10 (Begins in grade 3)

ELA-02.SL Strand:

[SL] Speaking and Listening

    • ELA-02.SL.01 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    • ELA-02.SL.02 Recount or describe the main idea and key/supporting details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through media.
    • ELA-02.SL.03 Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue.
    • ELA-02.SL.04 Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevance, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.
    • ELA-02.SL.05 Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
    • ELA-02.SL.06 Speak in complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification.

ELA-02.L Strand:

[L] Language

    • ELA-02.L.01 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking…
      • ELA-2.L.01.a Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.
      • ELA-2.L.01.b Use collective nouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.c Use abstract nouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.d Use possessive nouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.e Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs.
      • ELA-2.L.01.f Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future.
      • ELA-2.L.01.g Form and use regular and irregular verbs.
      • ELA-2.L.01.h Use reflexive pronouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.i Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
      • ELA-2.L.01.j Use adverbs depending on what is to be modified.
      • ELA-2.L.01.k Form and use comparative and superlative adverbs and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
      • ELA-2.L.01.l Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
      • ELA-2.L.01.m Use and explain interjections.
      • ELA-2.L.01.n Correctly use common homophones.
      • ELA-2.L.01.o Ensure subject verb-agreement.
      • ELA-2.L.01.p Produce compound sentences.
      • ELA-2.L.01.q Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentence (simple subject/verb agreement).
      • ELA-2.L.01.r Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.s Use demonstratives (that, those, these, this).
      • ELA-2.L.01.t Use question words (interrogatives).
      • ELA-2.L.01.u Produce complete sentences in shared language activities.
      • ELA-2.L.01.v Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
      • ELA-2.L.01.w Common and proper nouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.x Use regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/.
      • ELA-2.L.01.y Form and use the simple verb tenses.
      • ELA-2.L.01.z Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns.
      • ELA-2.L.01.aa Use frequently occurring adjectives.
      • ELA-2.L.01.bb Use articles.
      • ELA-2.L.01.cc Use adjectives depending on what is to be modified.
    • ELA-02.L.02 Demonstrate capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing
    • ELA-02.L.03 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
      • ELA-2.L.03.a Compare formal and informal uses of English. 
    • ELA-02.L.04 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies. 
    • ELA-02.L.05 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings. 
    • ELA-02.L.06 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe.

A Sample of What Your Child Will Be Working on in 2nd Grade

  • Paying close attention to details, including illustrations and graphics, in stories and books to answer who, what, where, when, why, and how questions
  • Determining the lesson or moral of stories, fables, and folktales
  • Using text features (e.g., captions, bold print, indexes) to locate key facts or information efficiently
  • Writing an opinion about a book he or she has read, using important details from the materials to support that opinion
  • Writing stories that include a short sequence of events and include a clear beginning, middle, and end
  • Participating in shared research projects (e.g., read books on a single topic to produce a report)
  • Taking part in conversations by linking his or her comments to the remarks of others and asking and answering questions to gather additional information or deepen understanding of the topic
  • Retelling key information or ideas from media or books read aloud
  • Producing, expanding, and rearranging sentences (e.g., “The boy watched the movie”; “The little boy watched the movie”; “The action movie was watched by the little boy”)
  • Determining the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix or suffix is added to a known word (happy/unhappy; pain/painful/painless)