BPS District English Standards Book

K-12 Grade Levels

Grade 04


glossary icon4th Grade English
"I can ... statements"

Fourth GradeBuilding the stamina and skills to read challenging fiction, nonfiction, and other materials is fundamental in 4th grade. Your child will continue to learn about the world as well as build vocabulary skills by reading more complicated stories and poems from different cultures and a range of books on history, science, art, and music. Fourth grade students also will make important strides in their ability to explain plainly and in detail what a book says — both explicitly and what is implied from its details. By 4th grade, your child will be writing effective summaries, book reports, and descriptions of characters or events that use correct grammar and punctuation.

ELA-04.RL Strand:

[RL] Reading Literature

    • ELA-04.RL.01 Refer to details and examples using textual evidence when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text; summarize the text.
    • ELA-04.RL.02 determine a theme of a story, dramas, or poems from details in the text.
    • ELA-04.RL.03 Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.
    • ELA-04.RL.04 Determine the allusions in meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including, but not limited to significant characters found in mythology.
    • ELA-04.RL.05 Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems and drama when writing or speaking about a text.
    • ELA-04.RL.06 Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first and third-person narrations.
    • ELA-04.RL.07 Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.
    • ELA-04.RL.08 Not applicable to literature
    • ELA-04.RL.09 Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics and patterns of events in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.
    • ELA-04.RL.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, on grade level independently and proficiently.

ELA-04.RI Strand:

[RI] Reading Information

    • ELA-04.RI.01 refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. Summarize the text.
    • ELA-04.RI.02 determine the main Idea of a text and Explain how it is supported by key details.
    • ELA-04.RI.03 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
    • ELA-04.RI.04 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
    • ELA-04.RI.05 Describe the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
    • ELA-04.RI.06 Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided.
    • ELA-04.RI.07 Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.
    • ELA-04.RI.08 Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
    • ELA-04.RI.09 Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
    • ELA-04.RI.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, on grade level independently

ELA-04.RF Strand:

[RF] Reading Foundational

    • ELA-04.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
      • ELA-4.RF.03.a Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.
    • ELA-04.RF.04 ead with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
      • ELA-4.RF.04.a Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
      • ELA-4.RF.04.b Read grade-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
      • ELA-4.RF.04.c Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

ELA-04.W Strand:

[W] Writing

    • ELA-04.W.01 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
      • ELA-4.W.01.a Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
      • ELA-4.W.01.b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
      • ELA-4.W.01.c Link opinion and reasons using transitional words and phrases
      • ELA-4.W.01.d Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
    • ELA-04.W.02 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
      • ELA-4.W.02.a Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting, illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension..
      • ELA-4.W.02.b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
      • ELA-4.W.02.c Link ideas within categories of information using transitional words and phrases.
      • ELA-4.W.02.d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
      • ELA-4.W.02.e Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
    • ELA-04.W.03 Write narratives to Develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
      • ELA-4.W.03.a Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.
      • ELA-4.W.03.b Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
      • ELA-4.W.03.c Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.
      • ELA-4.W.03.d Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
      • ELA-4.W.03.e Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.
    • ELA-04.W.04 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
    • ELA-04.W.05 Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.
    • ELA-04.W.06 Use technology , including the Internet, to produce and publish grade-level writing using keyboarding skills/digital tools as well as to interact and collaborate with others.
    • ELA-04.W.07 Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
    • ELA-04.W.08 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
    • ELA-04.W.09 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
      • ELA-4.W.09.a Apply grade 4 Reading standards to literature.
      • ELA-4.W.09.b Apply grade 4 Reading standards to informational texts.

ELA-04.SL Strand:

[SL] Speaking and Listening

    • ELA-04.SL.01 -Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions, one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.
    • ELA-04.SL.02 Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
    • ELA-04.SL.03 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
    • ELA-04.SL.04 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
    • ELA-04.SL.05 Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
    • ELA-04.SL.06 Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English and situations where informal discourse is appropriate; use formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

ELA-04.L Strand:

[L] Language

    • ELA-04.L.01 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking…
      • ELA-4.L.01.a Rearrange complete simple and compound sentences of a variety of lengths.
      • ELA-4.L.01.b Ensure pronoun-antecedent agreement.
      • ELA-4.L.01.c Explain and use linking verbs.
      • ELA-4.L.01.d Use verb tense to convey various times and sequences.
      • ELA-4.L.01.e Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that).
      • ELA-4.L.01.f Use relative adverbs (where, when, why).
      • ELA-4.L.01.g Use correlative conjunctions.
      • ELA-4.L.01.h Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
      • ELA-4.L.01.i Explain the function of coordinating conjunctions.
      • ELA-4.L.01.j Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.
      • ELA-4.L.01.k Produce complex and compound-complex sentences.
      • ELA-4.L.01.l Use possessive nouns.
      • ELA-4.L.01.m Form and use the progressive verb tenses.
      • ELA-4.L.01.n Form and use the perfect verb tenses.
      • ELA-4.L.01.o Use helping and modal auxiliaries to convey various conditions.
      • ELA-4.L.01.p Resolve issues of complex of contested usage, consulting reliable references as needed. Demonstrate proficiency in:
      • ELA-4.L.01.q Ensure subject verb-agreement.
      • ELA-4.L.01.r Produce compound sentences.
      • ELA-4.L.01.s Use regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/.
      • ELA-4.L.01.t Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
      • ELA-4.L.01.u Use abstract nouns.
      • ELA-4.L.01.v Form and use regular and irregular verbs.
      • ELA-4.L.01.w Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
      • ELA-4.L.01.x Explain the function of an adjective.
      • ELA-4.L.01.y Form and use comparative and superlative adverbs and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
      • ELA-4.L.01.z Form and use prepositional phrases.
    • ELA-04.L.02 within the context of authentic English writing and speaking…
      • ELA-4.L.02.a Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
      • ELA-4.L.02.b Form and use possessives.
      • ELA-4.L.02.c Add prefixes and suffixes to base words.
      • ELA-4.L.02.d Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
      • ELA-4.L.02.e Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
      • ELA-4.L.02.f Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations.
      • ELA-4.L.02.g Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
      • ELA-4.L.02.h Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
      • ELA-4.L.02.i Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
      • ELA-4.L.02.j Use a comma to set off the words yes and no, to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence and to indicate direct address.
    • ELA-04.L.03 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
      • ELA-4.L.03.a Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.
      • ELA-4.L.03.b Choose punctuation for effect.
      • ELA-4.L.03.c Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English and situations where informal discourse is appropriate.
    • ELA-04.L.04 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
      • ELA-4.L.04.a Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
      • ELA-4.L.04.b Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word.
      • ELA-4.L.04.c Consult reference materials, both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
    • ELA-04.L.05 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
      • ELA-4.L.05.a Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors in context.
      • ELA-4.L.05.b Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
      • ELA-4.L.05.c Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites and to words with similar but not identical meanings.
    • ELA-04.L.06 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being and that are basic to a particular topic.

A Sample of What Your Child Will Be Working on in 4th Grade

  • Describing the basic elements of stories — such as characters, events, and settings — by drawing on specific details in the text
  • Paying close attention to key features of informational books and articles: these include understanding the main and supporting ideas; being able to compare and contrast information; and explaining how the author uses facts, details, and evidence to support particular points
  • Comparing ideas, characters, events, and settings in stories and myths from different cultures
  • Writing summaries or opinions about topics supported with a set of well-organized facts, details, and examples
  • Independently conducting short research projects on different aspects of a topic using evidence from books and the Internet
  • Paraphrasing and responding to information presented in discussions, such as comparing and contrasting ideas and analyzing evidence that speakers use to support particular points
  • Reporting orally on a topic or telling a story with enough facts and details
  • Writing complete sentences with correct capitalization and spelling
  • Relating words that are common in reading to words with similar meanings (synonyms) and to their opposites (antonyms)