BPS District English Standards Book

K-12 Grade Levels

Grade 10


glossary icon10th Grade English
"I can ... statements"

To become ready for college and career, high school students learn to evaluate intricate arguments and surmount the challenges posed by complex written materials independently and confidently. Through wide and deep reading of literature and literary nonfiction of steadily increasing sophistication, students expand their literary and cultural knowledge and better understand references and images. They also develop the flexibility, concentration, and fluency to produce high-quality, first drafts of writing under tight deadlines. And they are able to revisit and make improvements to a piece of writing over multiple drafts if needed. High school students master the essential “rules” of standard written and spoken English and resolve usage issues by consulting style and usage guides. By writing and participating in a variety of conversations, they assert and defend claims and show what they know about a subject using appropriate examples and evidence.

ELA-10.RL Strand:

[RL] Reading Literature

    • ELA-10.RL.01 Cite strong and thorough evidence to support analysis of text
    • ELA-10.RL.02 Determine theme or central idea; provide an objective summary
    • ELA-10.RL.03 Analyze how complex characters develop over the course of a text
    • ELA-10.RL.04 Determine figurative and connotative meanings of words; analyze word choice
    • ELA-10.RL.05 Analyze how an author's choices in a text creates mystery, tension, or surpris
    • ELA-10.RL.06 Analyze a point of view from literature from outside the United States
    • ELA-10.RL.07 Analyze the representation of a subject in two different artistic mediums
    • ELA-10.RL.08 (Not applicable to literature)
    • ELA-10.RL.09 Analyze how an author transforms source material in a specific work
    • ELA-10.RL.10 Read and comprehend literature independently and proficiently

ELA-10.RI Strand:

[RI] Reading Information

    • ELA-10.RI.01 Cite strong and thorough evidence to support analysis of text
    • ELA-10.RI.02 Analyze central idea of a text and development; summarize objectively
    • ELA-10.RI.03 Analyze how the author unfolds a series of ideas or events
    • ELA-10.RI.04 Determine figurative, connotative, and technical meanings of words and phrases
    • ELA-10.RI.05 Analyze how an author develops and refines ideas or claims
    • ELA-10.RI.06 Determine author's viewpoint and analyze how the author uses rhetoric
    • ELA-10.RI.07 Analyze accounts of a subject told in different mediums
    • ELA-10.RI.08 Evaluate arguments in text; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning
    • ELA-10.RI.09 Analyze seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance
    • ELA-10.RI.10 Read and comprehend literary nonfiction independently and proficiently

ELA-10.W Strand:

[W] Writing

    • ELA-10.W.argu Text Types and Purposes (argument)
    • ELA-10.W.01 Write arguments to analyze substantive topics, using reasoning and evidence
      • W.01.a Introduce claims, distinguish from alternate or opposing claims
      • W.01.b Develop claims and counterclaims fairly, with evidence of strengths/limitations
      • W.01.c Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text
      • W.01.d Maintain a formal style and objective tone
      • W.01.e Provide a concluding statement or section that supports arguments presented
    • ELA-10.W.info Text Types and Purposes (informative)
    • ELA-10.W.02 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas
      • W.02.a Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information
      • W.02.b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, details, quotations, etc.
      • W.02.c Use transitions to link the major sections of the text
      • W.02.d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage complexity
      • W.02.e Maintain a formal style and objective tone
      • W.02.f Provide a concluding statement or section that supports information presented
    • ELA-10.W.narr Text Types and Purposes (narrative)
    • ELA-10.W.03 Write narratives using effective technique, details, and event sequences
      • W.03.a Engage the reader by setting out a problem, situation, or observation
      • W.03.b Use narrative techniques to develop experiences, events, and/or characters
      • W.03.c Use techniques to sequence events
      • W.03.d Use words and phrases, telling details, and sensory language
      • .W.03.e Provide a conclusion that reflects the narrative
    • ELA-10.W.04 Produce writing in which development, organization, and style are appropriate
    • ELA-10.W.05 Develop writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or a new approach
    • ELA-10.W.06 Use technology to produce, publish, and update writing products
    • ELA-10.W.07 Conduct research projects to answer a question or solve a problem
    • ELA-10.W.08 Gather information from multiple sources; assess the usefulness of each source
    • ELA-10.W.09 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts
      • W.09.a Apply grades 9-10 Reading standards to literature
      • W.09.b Apply grades 9-10 Reading standards to literary nonfiction
    • ELA-10.W.10 Write routinely for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences

ELA-10.SL Strand:

[SL] Speaking and Listening

    • ELA-10.SL.01 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions
      • SL.01.a Come to discussions prepared
      • SL.01.b Work with peers to set rules and goals, deadlines, and roles as needed
      • SL.01.c Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions
      • SL.01.d Respond to diverse perspectives, summarize agreement and disagreement
    • ELA-10.SL.02 Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media
    • ELA-10.SL.03 Evaluate a speaker's viewpoint, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric
    • ELA-10.SL.04 Present information and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically
    • ELA-10.SL.05 Make strategic use of digital media in presentations
    • ELA-10.SL.06 Adapt speech to contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of English

ELA-10.L Strand:

[L] Language

    • ELA-10.L.01 Demonstrate command of English grammar and usage when writing or speaking
      • L.01.a Use parallel structure
      • L.01.b Use various types of phrases and clauses to convey specific meanings
    • ELA-10.L.02 Demonstrate capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing
      • L.02.a Use a semicolon to link two or more closely related independent clauses
      • L.02.b Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation
      • L.02.c Spell correctly
    • ELA-10.L.03 Understand how language functions in different contexts
      • L.03.a Write and edit work so that it conforms to the guidelines in a style manual
    • ELA-10.L.04 Determine or clarify word meanings choosing from a range of strategies
      • L.04.a Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase
      • L.04.b Use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings/parts of speech
      • L.04.c Consult reference materials for pronunciation/meaning/part of speech/etymology
      • L.04.d Verify meaning of a word or phrase
    • ELA-10.L.05 Understand figurative language, word relationships, and nuances
      • L.05.a Interpret figures of speech in context and analyze their role in the text
      • L.05.b Analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations
    • ELA-10.L.06 Use general academic and domain-specific words and phrases

A Sample of What Your Child Will Be Doing in High School to Become Ready for College and Career


  • Understanding more from and making fuller use of written materials, including using a wider range of evidence to support an analysis
  • Making more connections about how complex ideas interact and develop within a book, essay, or article
  • Evaluating arguments and specific claims, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is sufficient, and as appropriate, detecting inconsistencies and ambiguities
  • Analyzing the meaning of foundational U.S. documents (the Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights)


  • Making an argument that is logical, well-reasoned, and supported by evidence
  • Writing a literary analysis, report, or summary that develops a central idea and a coherent focus and is well supported with relevant examples, facts, and details
  • Conducting several research projects that address different aspects of the same topic, using more complex books, articles, and other sources

Speaking and Listening

  • Responding thoughtfully to diverse perspectives; synthesizing comments, claims, and evidence made on all sides of an issue; and resolving contradictions when possible
  • Sharing research, findings, and evidence clearly and concisely
  • Making strategic use of digital media (e.g., animations, video, websites, podcasts) to enhance understanding of findings and to add interest


  • Determining or clarifying the meaning of words and phrases, choosing flexibly from multiple strategies, such as using context, Greek and Latin roots (e.g., bene as in benefactor or benevolent), patterns of words (conceive, conception, conceivable), and consulting specialized reference materials. Interpreting figures of speech (e.g., hyperbole, paradox) in context and analyzing their role in the written materials