Monday, July 22, 2024, 12:11 PM
Site: Learnbps
Course: BPSS (ELA) English Language Arts Standards (S-ELA)
Glossary: 2nd Grade English


Narrative for Reading Foundations Strand:

The Foundational Skill standards are directed toward fostering students' understanding and working knowledge of:

Phonics and Word Study:  The relationship between letters and sounds in language.  Students will learn to recognize high-frequency words automatically. Students will also practice recognizing words with irregular spellings (sometimes referred to as sight words).

Fluency:  The ability to read smoothly and expressively.  A fluent reader is one who reads and understands what he or she is reading.  Fluency skills should increase as learners progress from beginning to advanced.  


The foundational skills standards are not meant to be taught as isolated skills. These standards are necessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to develop proficient readers with the ability to comprehend what is read across a range of text types and content areas (social studies, science).  


How to help your child at home with the foundational skill strand:

  • Help your child to decode (take apart) common words so that he/she becomes familiar with how to read an unknown word
  • Assist your child in seeing how vowel combinations are spelled
  • Point out the  difference between long/short vowels in regularly used words
  • Read aloud higher levels of text to your child so that he/she can hear you read with accuracy, appropriate speed, and expression
  • Help your child identify and understand common prefixes (beginnings, re-, -in, sub-) and suffixes (endings -ment, -tion)
  • Practice reading words that are spelled differently but can sound the same (read/red, threw/through)
  • Help your child recognize common irregularly spelled words (said, laugh)
  • Encourage your child to read to you often, and allow them to re-read the same books, to help improve reading with accuracy, appropriate rate and expression



Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo 2nd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Phonics and Word Recognition

ELA-02.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

proficiency scale iconProficiency Scale


a. Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words
b. Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams
c. Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels
d. Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes
e. Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences
f. Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words


ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo 2nd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Fluency

ELA-02.RF.04 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Read grade level text with purpose and understanding.

proficiency scale iconProficiency Scale


a. Read grade level text with purpose and understanding.
b. Read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.