Saturday, July 13, 2024, 9:16 AM
Site: Learnbps
Course: BPSS (ELA) English Language Arts Standards (S-ELA)
Glossary: 5th Grade English


Narrative for the Reading Foundations Strand:

The foundational skill standards are directed toward fostering students’ understanding and working knowledge of concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions of the English writing system. These foundational skills are not an end in and of themselves; rather, they are necessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to develop proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend texts across a range of types and disciplines.  

Phonics:  In fifth grade students continue to use strategies that enable them to decode multi-syllable words both in and out of context while reading.

Fluency:  Fluency is defined as being able to read orally with a reasonable rate of speed, with a high degree of accuracy, and with the proper expression (prosody). Fluency is one of several critical factors necessary for reading comprehension. 

Fluency changes, depending on what readers are reading, their familiarity with the words, and the amount of their practice with reading text. Even very skilled readers may read in a slow, labored manner when reading texts with many unfamiliar words or topics. For example, readers who are usually fluent may not be able to read technical material fluently, such as a textbook about nuclear physics or an article in a medical journal. 

How to help my child at home with the Foundational Skill Standards:

  • Encourage your child to read many types of books.  Your child may also build fluency by reading the words to songs, poems, or speeches.
  • By reading with your child each night you are helping build his or her fluency! In fact, reading the same passages (and even their own writing pieces) repeatedly gives your child an opportunity to listen, practice, and improve fluency.



Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo 5th Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Phonics and Word Recognition

ELA-05.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
a. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g. roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

proficiency scale icon Proficiency Scale


ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo 5th Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Fluency

ELA-05.RF.04 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

proficiency scale iconProficiency Scale


a. Read grade level text with purpose and understanding.
b. Read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.