Monday, June 24, 2024, 2:43 AM
Site: Learnbps
Course: BPSS (MAT) Mathematics Standards (S-MAT)

# Measurement and Data

## Narrative for the (MD) Measurement and Data

Second graders learn to measure length with a variety of tools, such as rulers, meter sticks, and measuring tapes. To learn measurement concepts and skills, students might use both simple rulers (e.g., having only whole units such as centimeters or inches) and physical units (e.g., manipulatives that are centimeter or inch lengths). Second graders also learn the concept of the inverse relationship between the size of the unit of length and the number of units required to cover a specific length or distance. For example, it will take more centimeter lengths to cover a certain distance than inch lengths because inches are the larger unit.

In Grade 2, students learn to combine and compare lengths using arithmetic operations to solve word problems. That is, they can add two lengths to obtain the length of the whole and subtract one length from another to find out the difference in lengths.

After experience with measuring, second graders learn to estimate lengths. Real-world applications of length often involve estimation. Skilled estimators move fluently back and forth between written or verbal length measurements and representations of their corresponding magnitudes on a mental ruler (also called the “mental number line”).

As students work with data in Grades K–5, they build foundations for their study of statistics and probability in Grades 6 and beyond, and they strengthen and apply what they are learning in arithmetic. Kindergarten work with data uses counting and order relations. First- and second-graders solve addition and subtraction problems in a data context.  Students in Grade 2 draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. They solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph.

## Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.

#### MAT-02.MD.01

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Measure and estimate lengths in standard units. MAT-02.MD.01 Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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#### MAT-02.MD.02

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Measure and estimate lengths in standard units. MAT-02.MD.02 Measure the length of an object twice, using length units of different lengths for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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#### MAT-02.MD.03

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Measure and estimate lengths in standard units. MAT-02.MD.03 Estimate lengths using units of inches, feet, centimeters, and meters.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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#### MAT-02.MD.04

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Measure and estimate lengths in standard units. MAT-02.MD.04 Measure to determine how much longer one object is than another, expressing the length difference in terms of a standard length unit.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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### Vocabulary

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#### MAT-02.MD.05

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Relate addition and subtraction to length. MAT-02.MD.05 Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as drawings of rulers) and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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#### MAT-02.MD.06

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Relate addition and subtraction to length. MAT-02.MD.06 Represent whole numbers as lengths from 0 on a number line diagram with equally spaced points corresponding to the numbers 0, 1, 2, ..., and represent whole-number sums and differences within 100 on a number line diagram.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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#### MAT-02.MD.07

(G) Geometry
Cluster: Work with time and money.

#### MAT-02.MD.08

(G) Geometry
Cluster: Work with time and money.

#### MAT-02.MD.09

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Represent and interpret data. MAT-02.MD.09 Generate measurement data by measuring lengths of several objects to the nearest whole unit, or by making repeated measurements of the same object. Show the measurements by making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked off in whole-number units.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

## Resources

### Vocabulary

• List

#### MAT-02.MD.10

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(MD) Domain: Measurement and DataCluster: Represent and interpret data. MAT-02.MD.10 Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph.t

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.