High School (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers
SCI-HS.PS4.02 Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Clarification Statement:Physics: Emphasis is on the idea that photons associated with different frequencies of light have
different energies, and the damage to living tissue from electromagnetic radiation depends on the
energy of the radiation. Examples of published materials could include trade books, magazines,
web resources, videos, and other passages that may reflect bias. Quantum theory does not need
to be included. Disciplinary Core Ideas PS4.A: Wave Properties
Waves can add or cancel one another as they cross,
depending on their relative phase (i.e., relative position of
peaks and troughs of the waves), but they emerge unaffected
by each other. (Boundary: The discussion at this grade level is
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic radiation (e.g., radio, microwaves, light) can
be modeled as a wave of changing electric and magnetic fields
or as particles called photons. The wave model is useful for
explaining many features of electromagnetic radiation, and
the particle model explains other features.
Student Learning Targets:
Skills (Performance) Targets
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
“The Standard.” ... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
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