K Grade English


(RF) Reading Foundations

ELA-00.RF

BPSS-ELA logoStrand (RF)

Reading Foundations

Narrative for Reading Foundations Strand:

The Foundational Skill standards are directed toward fostering students' understanding and working knowledge of:

Concepts of Print:  Recognizing the features print (ex. how to hold a book, knowing where to start reading....)

Phonological Awareness:  Understanding how spoken words work (rhyming, hearing the individual sounds in words such as the first sound in the word cat is /c/).

Phonics and Word Study:  The relationship between letters and sounds in language.  Students will learn to recognize high-frequency words (ex. I, and, go, is, the) automatically. 

Fluency:  The ability to read smoothly and expressively, and in kindergarten students will participate in shared reading experiences and hear teachers reading aloud.  This helps kindergarteners understand that we read with purpose and understanding. 

How to help your child at home with the foundational skill strand:

  • Re-read favorite books to build awareness of how print works 
  • Have your child play matching games with alphabet letters (matching upper to lowercase)
  • Point out and read billboards, signs, package labels and any other print encountered, pointing out letters
  • Play rhyming games together in the car (What rhymes with tree?)
  • Play word games, taking turns saying syllables and the partner guesses the word (el-e-phant=elephant)
  • Discuss which letters and letter combinations go with which sounds in what you and your child are reading
  • Help your child to decode (take apart) common words so that he/she becomes familiar with how to sound words out
  • Have your child find high-frequency words in magazines or newspapers (kindergarteners work on recognizing 75 words automatically by the end of the year)
  • Read higher levels of text to your child so that he/she can hear you read with accuracy, appropriate speed, and expression

Resources

Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA-00.RF.01

ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo Kindergarden (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Print Concepts

ELA-00.RF.01 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

Sub-Standards:

a. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
b. Recognize spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
c. Understand words are separated by spaces in print.
d. Recognize and name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can hold a book correctly.
  • I can recognize that books are read from left to right and top to bottom.
  • I can recognize that letters make up words.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can recognize that words are separated by spaces before and after them.
  • I can recognize the difference between upper- and lowercase letters.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

Proficiency Scale

The student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Novice
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
    • letter, word, sentence, space, uppercase, lowercase, left, right, top, bottom, tracking, 
  • perform basic processes, such as:
    • (a) shows where to start reading, where to go next
    • (a) knows left page/right page (where to start)
    • (b) identify the number of words in the sentence
    • (c) know the difference between a letter, word and sentence
    • (d) recognize all uppercase letters
    • (d)recognize all lowercase letters
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print:
    • follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page
    • recognize spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters
    • understand words are separated by spaces in print
    • recognize and name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex
Teacher Proficiency Scale

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Alphabet
  • Uppercase letter
  • Lowercase letter
  • Right side up
  • Left
  • Right
  • Order
  • Word

Websites


ELA-00.RF.01.a

 

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Print Concepts.

Sub-standard in bold is prioritized in this standard.

ELA-00.RF.01 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. 

a.  Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can hold a book correctly
  • I can recognize that books are read from left to right and top to bottom

Reasoning Targets

  • I can recognize the difference between upper- and lowercase letters

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can turn pages in a book from front to back and read the left page before the right

 

 

Rubric/Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 Following words on a page is a foundational skill where no advanced criteria is available.  Once proficiency for this standard is met, students will be applying that knowledge in other standards in the Reading and Writing strands.  
  3.5  No Advanced Critera (see explanation for Level 4)
3.0

“The Standard.” Student is able to follow words from:

  • Left to right
  • Top to bottom
  • page by page

  2.5  No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0 The student demonstrates tracking most of the time.
  1.5  In addition to 1.0 content,student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0 The student sometimes follows words, but is not consistent.

  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • Letters
  • Words
  • Tracking
  • Follow
  • Pages
  • Turn
  • Top
  • Bottom
  • Right-side up
  • Left
  • Right

 


ELA-00.RF.01.d

 

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Print Concepts.

Sub-standard in bold is prioritized in this standard.

ELA-00.RF.01 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. 

d.  Recognize and name all upper-lowercase letters of the alphabet

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can recognize that letters make up words

Reasoning Targets

  • I can recognize the difference between upper- and lowercase letters

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet

 

 

Rubric/Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 Naming alphabet letters is a foundational skill where no advanced criteria is available.  Once proficiency for this standard is met, students will be applying that knowledge in other standards in the Reading and Writing strands.  
  3.5  No Advanced Criteria (see explanation for Level 4)
3.0The student is able to name 52 upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

  2.5 Student is able to name 46-51 upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet
2.0 The student is able to name at least 40 upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

  1.5 Student is able to name 36-39 upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet
1.0The student is able to name at least 25 upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
  0.5 Student names 26 or less letter names

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • Alphabet
  • Letters
  • Uppercase
  • Lowercase

ELA-00.RF.02

ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo Kindergarten (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Phonological Awareness

ELA-00.RF.02 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes)

Sub-Standards:

a. Recognize and produce rhyming words.
b. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
c. Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
d. Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/).
e. Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, single-syllable words to make new words.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can recognize words that begin with the same sound (dog/dish).
  • I can recognize words that end with the same sound (man/tin).
  • I can recognize words that have the same middle sound (pen/bet).

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can take apart a word and tell you the beginning sound, middle sound and ending sound.

Proficiency Scale

The student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Novice
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
    • rhyming word, syllable, blend, segment, vowel, consonant, substitute
  • perform basic processes, such as:
    • (a) recognize rhyming word pairs or sets
    • (b) blend and pronounce syllables in a word
    • (c) blend onset-rime in words
    • (d) isolate the initial sound in CVC words
    • (d) isolate the final sound in CVC words
    • (e) discriminate between words with same or different initial sounds
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes):
    • (a) recognize and produce rhyming words
    • (b) count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words
    • (c) blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words
    • (d) isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/)
    • (e)add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, single-syllable words to make new words
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex
Teacher Proficiency Scale

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Beginning sound
  • Middle sound
  • Ending sound
  • Phoneme
  • Sound
  • Vowel
  • Letter

Websites


ELA-00.RF.02.a

 

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Phonological Awareness.

ELA-00.RF.02 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

a.  Recognize and produce rhyming words

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can recognize words that have the same middle and ending sound with the same sound (rhyming words) 

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can give you two words that have the same middle and endign sound (rhyming words)

Rubric/Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 Rhyming is a foundational skill where no advanced criteria is available. Once proficiency for this standard is met, you will see your student applying it to other standards such as letter/sound correspondence, decoding and writing.  
  3.5  No advanced criteria (see Level 4 for explanation)
3.0The student is able to produce rhyming words (when given the word clock the student can say a word that rhymes with clock such as sock, dock, knock).


  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

The student is able to identify a rhyming word out of a list for a given word. Out of the words fish, clock and boat- the student can determine that fish rhymes with the given word- dish.


  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content,student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0 The student is able to identify two words that rhyme (given three sets of words such as dog/hog, cat/dish and clock/goat, the student can pick out dog/hog as the rhyming words).

  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • Rhyme
  • Sound
  • Produce
  • Identify

 


ELA-00.RF.02.d

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Phonological Awareness.

Sub-standard in bold is prioritized within this standard

ELA-00.RF.02 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). 

d.  Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel and final sounds (phonemes) in three phoneme (CVC) words

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can recognize words that begin with the same sound (dog/dish)
  • I can recognize words that end with the same sound (man/tin)
  • I can recognize words that have the same middle sound (pen/bet)

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can take apart a word and tell you the beginning sound, middle sound and ending sound

Rubric/Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 Isolating beginning/middle and ending sounds in words is a foundational skill where no advanced criteria is available.  Once proficiency for this standard is met, you will see your student applying it to other standards such as letter/sound correspondence ,decoding and writing.  
  3.5  No advanced criteria (see Level 4 for explanation)
3.0 The student is able to produce initial, middle and final sounds in words, such as the /c/ in cat, the /a/ in cat and the /t/ in cat.


  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

The student is able to isolate and pronounce the middle or ending sounds in words.


  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content,student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0 The student is able to isolate the initial sounds in words.

  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Phoneme
  • Beginning sound
  • Ending sound
  • Middle sound
  • Vowel
  • Letter
  • Sound

ELA-00.RF.03

ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo Kindergarden (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Phonics and Word Recognition

ELA-00.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

Sub-Standards:

a. Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.
b. Associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five vowel sounds.
c. Decode and use CVC words.
d. Read common high-frequency words by sight.
e. Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can identify the five major vowels.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can say the most common sound of each consonant.
  • I can say the long and short vowel sounds for each vowel.
  • I can blend the sounds of the letters to read a word.
  • I can read common words without having to sound them out.

Proficiency Scale

The student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • Novice
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
    • letter names, letter sounds, word, sight words, decode, blend, sound out, consonant, vowel
  • perform basic processes, such as:
    • (a) demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • (b) associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five vowel sounds
  • (c) decode and read CVC words
  • (d) read common high-frequency words by sight
  • (e) distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • transfer phonics / decoding skills to authentic reading and writing
Teacher Proficiency Scale

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Sound
  • Consonant
  • Letter
  • Short Vowel
  • Long Vowel
  • High-Frequency Word
  • Read

ELA-00.RF.03.a

 

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Phonics and Word Recognition.

Sub-standards in bold are prioritized for this standard.

ELA-00.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

a.  Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant

Student Learning Targets:

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can say the most common sound of each consonant

Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 Identifying sounds for letters is a foundational skill where no advanced criteria is available.  When a student meets proficiency for these standards, you will see application of these skills in other standards such as:  reading text and writing.  
  3.5  No advanced criteria is available (see Level 4 for explanation)
3.0 The student is able to produce the common sounds for 26 consonants and short vowel sounds.

 

 

  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0 The student is able to produce the common sounds for at least 20 consonants and short vowel sounds.

  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content,student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0 The student is able to produce the common sounds for at least 10 consonants and short vowel sounds.

  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources


ELA-00.RF.03.c

 

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Phonics and Word Recognition.

Sub-standards in bold are prioritized for this standard.

ELA-00.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. 

c.  Decode and read CVC words

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can identify the five major vowels

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can say the long and short vowel sounds for each vowel
  • I can blend the sounds of the letters to read a word

Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 The student decodes and reads words in text that is at the end of the early reading stage:
  • Words with common vowel teams
  • Two-syllable words
  • Words with inflected endings (-ing)
  • Sight words found in text at the end of the early stage of reading
 
  3.5  No advanced criteria is available (see Level 4 for explanation)
3.0

The student decodes and reads CVC (consonant/vowel/consonant) words in text that is at the end of the emergent reading stage.  

The student is beginning to use known word patterns when decoding unknown words (can say c-at instead of having to say c-a-t when decoding a word).


  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

The student isolates individual sounds of words (c-a-t) but cannot blend the sounds back together to read the word.

  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0The student can isolate some individual letter sounds in a CVC (consonant/vowel/consonant) word- the student can say the /c/ sound in the word cat.
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • Sound
  • Short Vowel
  • Long Vowel
  • Consonant
  • Decode
  • Letter
  • Read

 


ELA-00.RF.03.d

 

ELA-00 Targeted Standards
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations
Cluster: Phonics and Word Recognition.

Sub-standards in bold are prioritized for this standard.

ELA-00.RF.03 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. 

d..  Read common high-frequency words by sight (the, of, to, you, she, is, are.....)

Student Learning Targets:

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can read common words without having to sound them out

Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 Reading high-frequency words is a foundational skill where no advanced criteria is available.  When a student meets proficiency for these standards, you will see application of these skills in other standards such as:  reading text and writing.  
  3.5  No advanced criteria is available (see Level 4 for explanation)
3.0

The student reads at least 35 words commonly found in texts at the end of the emergent reading stage.


  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

The student reads at least 20 words commonly found in texts at the emergent reading stage.

  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content,student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0

The student reads at least 5 words commonly found in texts at the emergent reading stage.

 


  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

 

 

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • High-Frequency Word
  • Read

 


ELA-00.RF.04

ELA Reading Foundations Strand Logo Kindergarten (ELA) Targeted Standard
(RF) Strand: Reading Foundations/Skills
Cluster: Fluency

ELA-00.RF.04 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

Sub-Standards:

a. Read grade level text with purpose and understanding.
b. Read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can recognize high-frequency words in a text.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can read a text with common high-frequency words.
  • I can use pictures in a text to help me understand.
  • I can retell the story I read.

Proficiency Scale

The student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Simple

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
Target

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Fluency
  • Expression
  • Punctuation
  • High-Frequency Word

Websites