K-12 Grade Levels

Grade 12

12th Grade ELA Strand Clusters

Note: Standards Identifiers auto-link to popup a detailed description with "I can ..." and Proficiency Scales.
Prioritized Standards Identifiers are highlighted a sky-blue.

ELA-12.C (C) Communication

  • ELA-12.C.01    Construct and deliver formal and informal presentations, incorporating multimedia components when appropriate for the audience and purpose.
  • ELA-12.C.02    Implement proper verbal and nonverbal communication for the task and situation.
  • ELA-12.C.05    Prepare for discussions by reading and researching ideas.
  • ELA-12.C.06    Engage in respectful discussions or debates.
  • ELA-12.C.07    Collaborate on a specific task or purpose in a productive climate by establishing and following norms, processes, and roles.

ELA-12.R (R) Reading

  • ELA-12.R.02    Comprehend a variety of texts with multiple levels of complexity while developing inferences and providing relevant textual evidence and reasoning.
  • ELA-12.R.03a    Summarize and/or paraphrase nonfiction texts objectively, including relevant information.
  • ELA-12.R.03b    Summarize and paraphrase literary texts objectively, including relevant information.
  • ELA-12.R.04    Determine the main idea(s), claim(s), or theme(s) as they develop over the course of the text and interact with each other, and support them with textual evidence.
  • ELA-12.R.05    Determine the meaning, purpose, and impact of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including academic vocabulary, figurative, ambiguous, and connotative meanings.
  • ELA-12.R.06    Analyze and evaluate how the author's choice in structure, form, and format supports the purpose, contributes to the meaning, or impacts the audience.
  • ELA-12.R.07    Analyze the cumulative impact of specific style, syntax, and word choices on meaning, mood, and tone, including figurative and ambiguous language.
  • ELA-12.R.08    Analyze the development and interaction of literary elements and determine how they impact meaning, using strong and thorough textual evidence to support the analysis.
  • ELA-12.R.09    Analyze the development and interaction of informational and argumentative elements over the course of a nonfiction text and how they impact purpose using strong and thorough textual evidence to support the analysis.

ELA-12.Wr (Wr) Writing

  • ELA-12.Wr.01    Write clearly and coherently with appropriate content, format, and style to accomplish a specific purpose for a target audience.
  • ELA-12.Wr.02    Create a logical organizational structure with a relevant introduction, and transitional words or phrases to connect the major sections, paragraphs, plus sentences creating a unified whole, and an appropriate and thoughtful conclusion.
  • ELA-12.Wr.03    Write to inform an audience and to explain complex information by creating a clear thesis and providing supporting claims, details, and evidence from a variety of relevant and reliable sources within discipline-specific structures utilizing different mediums to provide clarity and context.
  • ELA-12.Wr.04    Write to persuade an audience
  • ELA-12.Wr.05    Write to convey real experiences, imaginary events, and poetic expressions by using creative writing techniques, such as narrative, dialogue, sensory details, figurative language, and symbolism, to engage an audience.
  • ELA-12.Wr.06    Develop and strengthen writing through the writing process to produce a quality product for a specific purpose and audience.
  • ELA-12.Wr.07    Integrate vocabulary and figurative language to create a particular style and/or voice which supports the purpose of writing.
  • ELA-12.wL.01    Apply language knowledge for a specific task, purpose, and audience, resolving issues of usage as needed.

ELA-12.IR (IR) Inquiry and Research

(IR) Customize to Gr
  • ELA-12.IR.01    Develop complex, pertinent research questions and narrow or broaden the inquiry.
  • ELA-12.IR.02    Gather and interpret relevant information, from both primary and secondary sources, for a variety of purposes.
  • ELA-12.IR.03    Organize relevant information from a variety of sources.
  • ELA-12.IR.04    Evaluate the credibility of a source based on bias, argumentative reasoning, perspective, and purpose.
  • ELA-12.IR.05    Integrate information from sources using a standardized format.