HS Science Concepts

• HS Physical Science


glossary iconHigh School Science
"I can ... statements"

HS imagePhysical Science...

... is the study of matter and energy. The study of matter includes properties of matter, physical and chemical changes, mixtures, elements, compounds, chemical reactions, and families of compounds. The study of energy includes motion, nature of forces, work, power, light, sound, electricity, heat and radioactivity.


[PS1] Matter and Its Interactions

  • SCI-HS.PS1.01  Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
  • SCI-HS.PS1.02  Construct an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
  • SCI-HS.PS1.05  Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
  • SCI-HS.PS1.07  Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.
  • SCI-HS.PS1.08  Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay.



[PS2] Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

  • SCI-HS.PS2.01  Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
  • SCI-HS.PS2.02  Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.
  • SCI-HS.PS2.03  Apply scientific principles, such as Newton's 1st & 3rd Laws, and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.
  • SCI-HS.PS2.06  Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.



[PS3] Energy

  • SCI-HS.PS3.01  Create a mathematical model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
  • SCI-HS.PS3.02  Develop and use models to illustrate that energy is associated with motion and relative position of particles (objects).
  • SCI-HS.PS3.03  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.
  • SCI-HS.PS3.04  Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).



[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

  • SCI-HS.PS4.01  Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.



[ETS1] High School Engineering Design

  • SCI-HS.ETS1.01  Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
  • SCI-HS.ETS1.02  Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
  • SCI-HS.ETS1.03  Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
  • SCI-HS.ETS1.04  Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.