HS Science Concepts

• HS Environmental Science


glossary iconHigh School Science
"I can ... statements"

HS imageEnvironmental Science ...

... is the study of living thing organisms and their relationships to one another and the environment. The focus emphasizes the effects of people on plant and animal populations, natural resources and pollution.


[LS1] From Molecules to Organisms: Structure and Processes

  • SCI-HS.LS1.02  Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.


[LS2] Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

  • SCI-HS.LS2.02  Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.
  • SCI-HS.LS2.03  Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
  • SCI-HS.LS2.04  Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem.
  • SCI-HS.LS2.05  Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.
  • SCI-HS.LS2.06  Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
  • SCI-HS.LS2.07  Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.
  • SCI-HS.LS2.08  Evaluate the evidence for the role of group behavior on individual and species’ chances to survive and reproduce


[LS4] Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity

  • SCI-HS.LS4.05  Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in increases in the number of individuals of some species, the emergence of new species over time, and the extinction of other species.
  • SCI-HS.LS4.06  Design and revise a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.


[ESS2] Earth's Systems

  • SCI-HS.ESS2.02  Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
  • SCI-HS.ESS2.05  Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
  • SCI-HS.ESS2.06  Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.


[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

  • SCI-HS.ESS3.01  Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
  • SCI-HS.ESS3.02  Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
  • SCI-HS.ESS3.03  Analyze the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity through the use of a computational simulation.
  • SCI-HS.ESS3.04  Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
  • SCI-HS.ESS3.05  Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
  • SCI-HS.ESS3.06  Use data from computational representations to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.


[ETS1] High School Engineering Design

  • SCI-HS.ETS1.01  Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
  • SCI-HS.ETS1.02  Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
  • SCI-HS.ETS1.03  Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
  • SCI-HS.ETS1.04  Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.