Evidence About Earth’s Past (Book)

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FOSSILS

- Fossil Clues

Fossils give clues about major geological events. Fossils can also give clues about past climates.

  • Fossils of ocean animals are found at the top of Mt. Everest. Mt. Everest is the highest mountain on Earth. These fossils show that the area was once at the bottom of a sea. The seabed was later uplifted to form the Himalaya mountain range. An example is shown in the Figure.
    fossil clues
    What can we learn from fossil clues like this fish fossil found in the Wyoming desert?
  • Fossils of plants are found in Antarctica. Currently, Antarctica is almost completely covered with ice. The fossil plants show that Antarctica once had a much warmer climate.