12th Grade ELA Targeted Standards [L] Language Strand Cluster: Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
ELA-12.L.04 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11–12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable).
c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage.
Student Learning Targets:
I can define synonyms and antonyms are and how to use them to make meaning.
I can analyze prefix/suffixes and use them to make meaning .
Skills (Performance) Targets
I can choose the correct meaning of words in context.
I can use resources (e.g. List above.)
I can recognize prefix/suffixes and use them to make meaning.
I can explain common roots and use them to make meaning.
Measurement of Progress
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
L11-12.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases (a-c): use context; identify and use patterns; consult reference materials.
L11-12.5 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in meaning (a-b): Interpret and analyze figures of speech; analyze nuances.
L11-12.6 Acquire and accurately use academic and domain specific words and phrases […]
In addition to expectations of proficiency, student provides consistent evidence of in-depth inferences and applications that go beyond what was taught and expected.
uses context clues to determine the meaning of a word or a phrase.
identifies and correctly uses patterns of word changes (conjugation) that indicate different meaning or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable).
consults reference materials for guidance in how to use, speak, or better understand a given word.
interprets figures of speech and analyzes their overall role in the text.
analyzes how certain words and phrases that have similar denotations can carry different nuances.
independently acquires and uses college- and career-readiness level academic and domain-specific words and phrases.
There are no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes as the student:
uses context clues to determine the meaning of a word or a phrase
identifies how words change when used in different ways.
consults reference materials for guidance in how to better understand a given word.
defines and identifies various forms of figurative language.
recognizes the difference between denotative and connotative meanings.
consults reference materials to accurately use college- and career-readiness level academic and domain-specific words and phrases.
recognizes or recalls specific terminology that relates to knowledge of vocabulary, such as: context clues, figurative language, nuance, conjugation, denotation, connotation.
However, the student exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes.
With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes.