Counting and Cardinality and Operations and Algebraic Thinking are about understanding and using numbers. Counting and Cardinality underlies Operations and Algebraic Thinking as well as Number and Operations in Base Ten. It begins with early counting
and telling how many in one group of objects. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division grow from these early roots.

Students usually know or can learn to say the counting words up to a given number before they can use these numbers to count objects or to tell the number of objects. In Kindergarten, students develop understanding of the relationship between numbers
and quantities and connect counting to cardinality - to count a group of objects, they pair each word said with one object. Students also develop fluency with counting to 100 by ones and tens, count to answer "how many" questions, use counting
strategies to compare groups of objects, and apply counting strategies when solving addition and subtraction problems.

Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales
for individual standards within the domain.