6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards [PS3] Energy
SCI-MS.PS3.01 Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the
relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and/or the speed of
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on descriptive relationships between kinetic energy and mass separately
from kinetic energy and speed. Examples could include riding a bicycle at different speeds, rolling different
sizes of rocks downhill, and getting hit by a whiffle ball versus a tennis ball. Disciplinary Core Ideas PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
Motion energy is properly called kinetic
energy; it is proportional to the mass of the
moving object and grows with the square of
Student Learning Targets:
I can identify variables kinetic energy depends upon.
Skills (Performance) Targets
I can calculate kinetic energy.
I can calculate when work is being done on a system.
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Key vocabulary: Kinetic Energy, Velocity, Speed, Joules, Mass
calculates kinetic energy using a formula.
calculates velocity using a formula.
“The Standard.” ... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
explain the relationship between kinetic energy and mass.
explain the relationship between kinetic energy and velocity/speed.
Sample Activity: Dropping different sized balls from the same height and measuring the rebound of each.
PhET Skate Park Basics simulation.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Title of website with a URL to open in a new window