#### SCI-MS.PS3.02

6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS3] Energy

##### SCI-MS.PS3.02 Using a model describe how the different amounts of potential energy in a system changes when the object's distance changes.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on relative amounts of potential energy, not on calculations of potential energy. Examples of objects within systems interacting at varying distances could include: Either a roller coaster cart at varying positions on a hill or objects at varying heights on shelves and the Earth, changing the direction/orientation of a magnet, and a balloon with static electrical charge being brought closer to a classmate’s hair. Examples of models could include representations, diagrams, pictures, and written descriptions of systems.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy A system of objects may also contain stored (potential) energy, depending on their relative positions.
PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other that can cause energy to be transferred to or from the object

## Student Learning Targets:

### Knowledge Targets

• I can recognize specific terminology such as gravitational potential energy, gravity, height, Joules, elastic potential energy.

### Reasoning Targets

• I can explain the relationship between potential energy and height/distance.
• I can explain the relationship between gravitational potential energy and gravity.
• I can explain the relationship between gravitational potential energy and mass.

### Skills (Performance) Targets

• I can calculate potential energy using a formula.

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• Key Vocabulary: Potential Energy, Gravitational, Elastic, Chemical, Joules, Nuclear, Height, Gravity
• calculates potential energy using a formula.
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• recognize the relationship between potential energy and height/distance.
• recognize the relationship between gravitational potential energy and mass.
Sample Activity:
Phet Skate Park Simulation
Gravitational potential energy on different planets

##### 4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

### Vocabulary

• Gravitational Potential Energy
• Elastic Potential Energy
• Chemical
• Joules
• Nuclear
• Gravity
• Height

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window