6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards [PS3] Energy
SCI-MS.PS3.02 Using a model describe how the different amounts of potential energy in a
system changes when the object's distance changes.
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on relative amounts of potential energy, not on calculations of potential energy. Examples of
objects within systems interacting at varying distances could include: Either a roller coaster cart at varying
positions on a hill or objects at varying heights on shelves and the Earth, changing the direction/orientation
of a magnet, and a balloon with static electrical charge being brought closer to a classmate’s hair. Examples
of models could include representations, diagrams, pictures, and written descriptions of systems. Disciplinary Core Ideas PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
A system of objects may also contain stored
(potential) energy, depending on their relative
PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and
When two objects interact, each one exerts a
force on the other that can cause energy to be
transferred to or from the object
Student Learning Targets:
I can recognize specific terminology such as gravitational potential energy, gravity, height, Joules, elastic potential energy.
I can explain the relationship between potential energy and height/distance.
I can explain the relationship between gravitational potential energy and gravity.
I can explain the relationship between gravitational potential energy and mass.
Skills (Performance) Targets
I can calculate potential energy using a formula.
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).