8th Grade (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards [ESS2] Earth's Systems
SCI-MS.ESS2.06 Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of
the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that
determine regional climates.
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on how patterns vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Emphasis of
atmospheric circulation is on the sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting
prevailing winds; emphasis of ocean circulation is on the transfer of heat by the global ocean convection
cycle, which is constrained by the Coriolis effect and the outlines of continents. Examples of models can be
diagrams, maps and globes, or digital representations. Disciplinary Core Ideas ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth's Surface
Variations in density due to variations in
temperature and salinity drive a global pattern
of interconnected ocean currents.
ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
Weather and climate are influenced by
interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the
atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things.
These interactions vary with latitude, altitude,
and local and regional geography, all of which
can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow
Student Learning Targets:
I can label the relative pressure, latitudes, pressure belts, direction, and the name of the global winds.
I can draw and label local winds (i.e. land breeze and sea breeze).
I can explain why a land breeze occurs at night and sea breeze occurs during the day.
I can explain why there is little or no wind at the pressure belts.
Skills (Performance) Targets
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
label the relative pressure, latitudes, pressure belts, direction, and the name of the global winds.
draw and label local winds.
“The Standard.” ... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
explain why a land breeze occurs at night and sea breeze occurs during the day.
explain why there is little or no wind at the pressure belts.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
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