High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS1] Earth’s Place in the Universe
SCI-HS.ESS1.02 Construct an explanation for the observed expansion of the known universe based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, cosmic background radiation, and composition of matter in the universe.
Clarification Statement:Earth Science: Emphasis is on the astronomical evidence of the red shift of light from
galaxies as an indication that the universe is currently expanding, which led to the
formulation of the Big Bang and other theories Disciplinary Core Ideas ESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars
-The study of stars’ light spectra and brightness is used to identify
compositional elements of stars, their movements, and their
distances from Earth.
-Nuclear fusion within stars produces all atomic nuclei lighter
than and including iron, and the process releases electromagnetic
energy. Heavier elements are produced when certain massive
stars achieve a supernova stage and explode.
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation
-Atoms of each element emit and absorb characteristic
frequencies of light. These characteristics allow identification of
the presence of an element, even in microscopic quantities.
Student Learning Targets:
Skills (Performance) Targets
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
“The Standard.” ... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
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