High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS2] Earth's Systems
SCI-HS.ESS2.02 Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
Clarification Statement:Earth Science/Environmental Science: Examples should include climate feedbacks, such as how an
increase in greenhouse gases causes a rise in global temperatures that melts glacial ice, which reduces the
amount of sunlight reflected from Earth's surface, increasing surface temperatures and further reducing
the amount of ice. Examples could also be taken from other system interactions, such as how the loss of
ground vegetation causes an increase in water runoff and soil erosion; how dammed rivers increase
groundwater recharge, decrease sediment transport, and increase coastal erosion; or how the loss of
wetlands causes a decrease in local humidity that further reduces the wetland extent. Disciplinary Core Ideas ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
-Earth’s systems, being dynamic and
interacting, cause feedback effects that can
increase or decrease the original changes.
ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
-The foundation for Earth’s global climate
systems is the electromagnetic radiation from
the sun, as well as its reflection, absorption,
storage, and redistribution among the
atmosphere, ocean, and land systems, and this
energy’s re-radiation into space
Student Learning Targets:
Skills (Performance) Targets
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
“The Standard.” ... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
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