High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS2] Earth's Systems
SCI-HS.ESS2.04 Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Clarification Statement:Earth Science: Examples of the causes of climate change differ by timescale, over 1-10
years: large volcanic eruption, ocean circulation; 10-100s of years: changes in human
activity, ocean circulation, solar output; and 10-100s of thousands of years: changes to
Earth's orbit and the orientation of its axis. Disciplinary Core Ideas ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System
-Cyclical changes in the shape of Earth’s orbit, along with
changes in the tilt of the planet’s axis of rotation have altered
the intensity and distribution of sunlight falling on the earth.
ESS2.A: Earth Materials and System
-The geological record shows that changes to global and
regional climate can be caused by interactions among changes
in the sun’s energy output or Earth’s orbit, tectonic events,
ocean circulation, volcanic activity, glaciers, vegetation, and
ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
-The foundation for Earth’s global climate systems is the
electromagnetic radiation from the sun.
Student Learning Targets:
Skills (Performance) Targets
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
“The Standard.” ... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
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