1st Grade Science


[PS] Physical Science

SCI-01.PS4

BPSS-SCI logo DCI Physical Science PS4

Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

Performance Expectations

The performance expectations in first grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

  • What happens when materials vibrate?
  • What happens when there is no light?
  • What are some ways plants and animals meet their needs so that they can survive and grow?
  • How are parents and their children similar and different?
  • What objects are in the sky and how do they seem to move?”

Students are expected to develop understanding of the relationship between sound and vibrating materials as well as between the availability of light and ability to see objects. The idea that light travels from place to place can be understood by students at this level through determining the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.
Students are also expected to develop understanding of how plants and animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs as well as how behaviors of parents and offspring help the offspring survive. The understanding is developed that young plants and animals are like, but not exactly the same as, their parents. Students are able to observe, describe, and predict some patterns of the movement of objects in the sky.

Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.


SCI-01.PS4.01

Physical Science Logo1st Grade (SCI) Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

SCI-01.PS4.01 Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that sound can make materials vibrate and that vibrating materials can make sound.

Clarification Statement: Examples of vibrating materials that make sound could include tuning forks and plucking a stretched string. Examples of how sound can make matter vibrate could include holding a piece of paper near a speaker making sound and holding an object near a vibrating tuning fork.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.A: Wave Properties -Sound can make matter vibrate, and vibrating matter can make sound.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can use my senses to record my observations.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can demonstrate that vibrating materials make sound.
  • I can demonstrate that sound can make materials vibrate.

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-01.PS4.02

Physical Science Logo1st Grade (SCI) Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

SCI-01.PS4.02 Construct an evidence-based account, through observation, that objects can be seen only when illuminated.

Clarification Statement: Examples of observations could include those made in a completely dark room, a pinhole box, and a video of a cave explorer with a flashlight. Illumination could be from an external light source or by an object giving off its own light.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation -Objects can be seen if light is available to illuminate them or if they give off their own light.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can demonstrate that we need light to see things.

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-01.PS4.03

Physical Science Logo1st Grade (SCI) Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

SCI-01.PS4.03 Plan and conduct an investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.

Clarification Statement: Examples of materials could include those that are transparent (such as clear plastic), translucent (such as wax paper), Opaque (such as cardboard), and reflective (such as a mirror)
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation -Some materials allow light to pass through them, others allow only some light through and others block all the light and create a dark shadow on any surface beyond them, where the light cannot reach. Mirrors can be used to redirect a light beam. (Boundary: The idea that light travels from place to place is developed through experiences with light sources, mirrors, and shadows, but no attempt is made to discuss the speed of light.)


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can demonstrate how light passes through materials differently.

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-01.PS4.04

Physical Science Logo1st Grade (SCI) Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

SCI-01.PS4.04 Design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance.

Clarification Statement: Examples of devices could include a light source to send signals, paper cup and string "telephones," and a pattern of drum beats.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation -People also use a variety of devices to communicate (send and receive information) over long distances.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can design a device that uses light and/or sound to communicate over a distance.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can use tools and materials to build that device.

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window