6th Grade Physical Science


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SCI-MS.PS4.02

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers

SCI-MS.PS4.02 Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on both light and mechanical waves. Examples of models could include drawings, simulations, and written descriptions.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.A: Wave Properties A sound wave needs a medium through which it is transmitted.
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation When light shines on an object, it is reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through the object, depending on the object’s material and the frequency (color) of the light. The path that light travels can be traced as straight lines, except at surfaces between different transparent materials (e.g., air and water, air and glass) where the light path bends. However, because light can travel through space, it cannot be a matter wave, like sound or water waves.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can compare the refraction of visible light through different materials.
  • I can predict how different surfaces and lenses affect the behavior of light waves and the resulting image.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
  • transparent, translucent, concave, convex.
  • perform basic processes, such as:
    identifies sources of light and describes evidence that it moves in a straight line.
Sample Activity:
Identify vocabulary words based on pictures provided showing types of lenses and the effects of transparency, etc…
Identify various pictures as sources of light (or not) and label a picture showing where light rays will go based on the origin of that light.

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • compare the refraction of visible light through different materials (transparent and translucent).
  • predict how different surfaces and lenses affect the behavior of light waves and the resulting image.
Sample Activity:
Predict/test the outcome of light refraction on various objects in an activity setting.
Create a chart of rules that states how light will behave when reflected and refracted by different surfaces and lenses.

4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
Sample Activity:
Develop a company brochure including the benefits and restrictions of products offered using the reflection and refraction of light including lenses and mirrors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-MS.PS4.03

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers

SCI-MS.PS4.03 Evaluate how different forms of technology utilize different signals.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on a basic understanding that waves can be used for communication purposes. Examples could include using fiber optic cable to transmit light pulses, radio wave pulses in WiFi devices, and conversion of stored binary patterns to make sound or text on a computer screen.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation Digitized signals (sent as wave pulses) are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window


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