6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers
SCI-MS.PS4.02 Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or
transmitted through various materials.
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on both light and mechanical waves. Examples of models could include drawings,
simulations, and written descriptions.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.A: Wave Properties
A sound wave needs a medium through which it
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation
When light shines on an object, it is reflected,
absorbed, or transmitted through the object,
depending on the object’s material and the
frequency (color) of the light. The path that light
travels can be traced as straight lines, except at
surfaces between different transparent materials
(e.g., air and water, air and glass) where the light
path bends. However, because light can travel
through space, it cannot be a matter wave, like
sound or water waves.
Student Learning Targets:
- I can compare the refraction of visible light through different materials.
- I can predict how different surfaces and lenses affect the behavior of light waves and the resulting image.
Skills (Performance) Targets
The Student can ...
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
- recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
- transparent, translucent, concave, convex.
- perform basic processes, such as:
identifies sources of light and describes evidence that it moves in a straight line.
Identify vocabulary words based on pictures provided showing types of lenses and the effects of transparency, etc…
Identify various pictures as sources of light (or not) and label a picture showing where light rays will go based on the origin of that light.
“The Standard.”... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
- compare the refraction of visible light through different materials (transparent and translucent).
- predict how different surfaces and lenses affect the behavior of light waves and the resulting image.
Predict/test the outcome of light refraction on various objects in an activity setting.
Create a chart of rules that states how light will behave when reflected and refracted by different surfaces and lenses.
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Develop a company brochure including the benefits and restrictions of products offered using the reflection and refraction of light including lenses and mirrors
- Title of website with a URL to open in a new window