## BPS District Science Standards Book

### HS Science Concepts

#### • HS Physics

**High School Science "I can ... statements"**

# Physics...

... is the study of matter and energy and interactions between the two. The topics cover Newtonian mechanics, dynamics, work, energy, power, circular motion, mechanical waves, and sound.

### SCI-HS.PS2 DCI:

**[PS2] Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions**

**SCI-HS.PS2.01**Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.**SCI-HS.PS2.02**Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.**SCI-HS.PS2.03**Apply scientific principles, such as Newton's 1st & 3rd Laws, and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.**SCI-HS.PS2.04**Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.**SCI-HS.PS2.05**Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.

### SCI-HS.PS3 DCI:

**SCI-HS.PS3.01**Create a mathematical model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.**SCI-HS.PS3.02**Develop and use models to illustrate that energy is associated with motion and relative position of particles (objects).**SCI-HS.PS3.03**Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.**SCI-HS.PS3.04**Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).**SCI-HS.PS3.05**Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

### SCI-HS.PS4 DCI:

**[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer**

**SCI-HS.PS4.01**Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.**SCI-HS.PS4.02**Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.**SCI-HS.PS4.03**Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.**SCI-HS.PS4.04**Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.

### SCI-HS.ETS1

**[ETS1] High School Engineering Design**

**SCI-HS.ETS1.01**Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.**SCI-HS.ETS1.02**Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.**SCI-HS.ETS1.03**Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.**SCI-HS.ETS1.04**Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.