# SCI-05 "I can ... statements"

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# Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

## Performance Expectations

The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

• When matter changes, does its weight change?
• How much water can be found in different places on Earth?
• Can new substances be created by combining other substances?
• How does matter cycle through ecosystems?
• Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for?
• How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?

Students are able to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen through the development of a model. Students develop an understanding of the idea that regardless of the type of change that matter undergoes, the total weight of matter is conserved. Students determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances. Through the development of a model using an example, students are able to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. They describe and graph data to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth. Students develop an understanding of the idea that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. Using models, students can describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment and that energy in animals’ food was once energy from the sun. Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

## Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.

#### SCI-05.LS2.01

[LS2] Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

##### SCI-05.LS2.01 Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Clarification Statement: Examples of systems could include organisms, ecosystems (decay), and the Earth. Consider teaching the carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and water cycle. Crop rotation is often due to the amount of nitrogen in the soil. Soybeans and other legumes can pull nitrogen from the air and convert it into a usable form.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Organisms are related in food webs in which some animals eat plants for food and other animals eat the animals that eat plants. Decomposition eventually restores (recycles) some materials back to the soil. A healthy ecosystem is a balanced ecosystem. Newly introduced species can damage the balance of an ecosystem.
Matter cycles between the air and soil and among plants, animals, and microbes as these organisms live and die. Organisms obtain gases, and water, from the environment, and release waste matter back into the environment.

## Student Learning Targets:

• I can

### Reasoning Targets

• I can create a model that shows how matter moves between organisms and the environment.

• I can

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• use a model to demonstrate limited understanding of basic concepts related to the movement of matter between organisms and the environment with significant misconceptions.
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• use a model to demonstrate some understanding of basic concepts related to the movement of matter between organisms and the environment with minor misconceptions.
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• use a model to demonstrate general understanding of basic concepts related to the movement of matter between organisms and the environment with no misconceptions.
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• use a model to demonstrate thorough understanding of concepts related to the movement of matter between organisms and the environment by making a detailed and accurate model with no misconceptions.

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

# Matter and Its Interactions

## Performance Expectations

The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

• When matter changes, does its weight change?
• How much water can be found in different places on Earth?
• Can new substances be created by combining other substances?
• How does matter cycle through ecosystems?
• Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for?
• How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?

Students are able to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen through the development of a model. Students develop an understanding of the idea that regardless of the type of change that matter undergoes, the total weight of matter is conserved. Students determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances. Through the development of a model using an example, students are able to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. They describe and graph data to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth. Students develop an understanding of the idea that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. Using models, students can describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment and that energy in animals’ food was once energy from the sun. Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

## Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.

#### SCI-05.PS1.01

[PS1] Matter and Its Interaction

##### SCI-05.PS1.01 Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.

Clarification Statement: Examples of evidence supporting a model could include adding air to expand a basketball, compressing air in a syringe, dissolving sugar in water, and evaporating salt water. Drawings of simple molecules such as water, sugar, carbon dioxide would be appropriate
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Matter of any type can be subdivided into particles that are too small to see, but the matter still exists and can be detected by other means. A model showing that gases are made from matter particles that are too small to see and are moving freely around in space can explain many observations, including the inflation and shape of a balloon and the effects of air on larger particles or objects

## Student Learning Targets:

### Knowledge Targets

• I can describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.

• I can

• I can

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-05.PS1.02

[PS1] Matter and Its Interaction

##### SCI-05.PS1.02 Measure and graph metric quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total mass of matter is conserved.

Clarification Statement: Examples of reactions or changes could include dissolving, and mixing. Examples of physical changes could include ice melting into water. Distinguish between mass and weight. Weight is a measure of gravitational force on an object. Weight of an object can change depending upon gravitational force. Ex. Earth vs. the moon. Mass is the amount of matter in an object.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
The mass of matter is conserved when it changes form, even in transitions in which it seems to vanish. No matter what reaction or change in properties occurs, the total mass of the substances does not change

## Student Learning Targets:

• I can

### Reasoning Targets

• I can graph quantities to provide evidence that mass stays the same.

### Skills (Performance) Targets

• I can measure quantities to provide evidence that mass stays the same.

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-05.PS1.03

[PS1] Matter and Its Interaction

##### SCI-05.PS1.03 Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.

Clarification Statement: Examples of materials to be identified could include baking soda and other powders, metals, minerals, and liquids. Examples of properties could include density, color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Measurements of a variety of properties can be used to identify materials. (Boundary: At this grade level no attempt is made to define the unseen particles or explain the atomicscale mechanism of evaporation and condensation.)

## Student Learning Targets:

• I can

### Reasoning Targets

• I can make observations to identify materials based on their properties
• I can use measurement to identify materials based on their properties

• I can

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-05.PS1.04

[PS1] Matter and Its Interaction

##### SCI-05.PS1.04 Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.

Clarification Statement: Examples of mixtures, not new substances, could be mixing of salt or sugar and water. Examples of new substances include making gelatin, chocolate milk, cookies, and cakes.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
When two or more different substances are mixed, a new substance with different properties may be formed.

## Student Learning Targets:

• I can

### Reasoning Targets

• I can conduct an investigation when mixing two or more substances I can determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances

• I can

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

# Motion and Stability: Forces and Interaction

## Performance Expectations

The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

• When matter changes, does its weight change?
• How much water can be found in different places on Earth?
• Can new substances be created by combining other substances?
• How does matter cycle through ecosystems?
• Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for?
• How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?

Students are able to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen through the development of a model. Students develop an understanding of the idea that regardless of the type of change that matter undergoes, the total weight of matter is conserved. Students determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances. Through the development of a model using an example, students are able to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. They describe and graph data to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth. Students develop an understanding of the idea that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. Using models, students can describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment and that energy in animals’ food was once energy from the sun. Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

## Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.

#### SCI-05.PS2.01

##### 5th Grade (SCI) Science Expectation

[PS2] Motion and Stability: Forces and Interaction

## Student Learning Targets:

• I can

### Reasoning Targets

• I can provide evidence to prove that the Earth's gravitational force on objects is directed down

• I can

• I can

## Proficiency Scale

• descriptors

• descriptors

### (3) Proficient

• descriptors

• demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.

## Resources

• word
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

# Energy

## Performance Expectations

The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as:

• When matter changes, does its weight change?
• How much water can be found in different places on Earth?
• Can new substances be created by combining other substances?
• How does matter cycle through ecosystems?
• Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for?
• How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?

Students are able to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen through the development of a model. Students develop an understanding of the idea that regardless of the type of change that matter undergoes, the total weight of matter is conserved. Students determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances. Through the development of a model using an example, students are able to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. They describe and graph data to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth. Students develop an understanding of the idea that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. Using models, students can describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment and that energy in animals’ food was once energy from the sun. Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

## Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.

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