[HS-ESS3] Categories All categories Not categorized [HS-ESS1] [HS-ESS2] [HS-ESS3] [HS-LS1] [HS-LS2] [HS-LS3] [HS-LS4] [HS-PS1] [HS-PS2] [HS-PS3] [HS-PS4] Prioritized Expectations

# Earth and Human Activity

## Performance Expectations

ESS3 help students formulate an answer to the question: “How do Earth’s surface processes and human activities affect each other?” The ESS3 Disciplinary Core Idea from the NRC Framework is broken down into four sub-ideas: natural resources, natural hazards, human impact on Earth systems, and global climate change. Students understand the complex and significant interdependencies between humans and the rest of Earth’s systems through the impacts of natural hazards, our dependencies on natural resources, and the significant environmental impacts of human activities. Engineering and technology figure prominently here, as students use mathematical thinking and the analysis of geoscience data to examine and construct solutions to the many challenges facing long-term human sustainability on Earth. The crosscutting concepts of cause and effect, systems and system models, and stability and change are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas. In the ESS3 performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate proficiency in developing and using analyzing and interpreting data, mathematical and computational thinking, constructing explanations and designing solutions and engaging in argument; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

## Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.

#### SCI-HS.ESS3.01

High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

##### SCI-HS.ESS3.01 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.

Clarification Statement: Earth Science/Environmental Science: Examples of key natural resources include access to fresh water (such as rivers, lakes, and groundwater), regions of fertile soils such as river deltas, and high concentrations of minerals and fossil fuels. Examples of natural hazards can be from interior processes (such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes), surface processes (such as tsunamis, mass wasting and soil erosion), and severe weather (such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts). Examples of the results of changes in climate that can affect populations or drive mass migrations include changes to sea level, regional patterns of temperature and precipitation, and the types of crops and livestock that can be raised.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.A: Natural Resources -Resource availability has guided the development of human society.
ESS3.B: Natural Hazards -Natural hazards and other geologic events have shaped the course of human history; [they] have significantly altered the sizes of human populations and have driven human migrations

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## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-HS.ESS3.02

High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

##### SCI-HS.ESS3.02 Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.

Clarification Statement: Earth Science/Environmental Science: Emphasis is on the conservation, recycling, and reuse of resources (such as minerals and metals) where possible, and on minimizing impacts where it is not. Examples include developing best practices for agricultural soil use, mining (for coal, tar sands, and oil shales), and pumping (for petroleum and natural gas). Science knowledge indicates what can happen in natural systems—not what should happen.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.A: Natural Resources -Resource availability has guided the development of human society.
ESS3.B: Natural Hazards -Natural hazards and other geologic events have shaped the course of human history; [they] have significantly altered the sizes of human populations and have driven human migrations.

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## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-HS.ESS3.03

High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

##### SCI-HS.ESS3.03 Analyze the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity through the use of a computational simulation.

Clarification Statement: Earth Science/Environmental Science: Examples of factors that affect the management of natural resources include costs of resource extraction, processing, and waste management, per-capita consumption, and the development of new technologies. Examples of factors that affect human sustainability include agricultural efficiency, levels of conservation, and urban planning.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.A: Natural Resources -All forms of energy production and other resource extraction have associated economic, social, environmental, and geopolitical costs and risks as well as benefits. New technologies and social regulations can change the balance of these factors.

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## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-HS.ESS3.04

High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

##### SCI-HS.ESS3.04 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.

Clarification Statement: Earth Science/Environmental Science: Examples of data on the impacts of human activities could include the quantities and types of pollutants released, changes to biomass and species diversity, or areal changes in land surface use (such as for urban development, agriculture and livestock, or surface mining). Examples for limiting future impacts could range from local efforts (such as reducing, reusing, and recycling resources) to large-scale geoengineering design solutions (such as altering global temperatures by making large changes to the atmosphere or ocean).
Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.A: Natural Resources -Resource availability has guided the development of human society.
ESS3.B: Natural Hazards -Natural hazards and other geologic events have shaped the course of human history; [they] have significantly altered the sizes of human populations and have driven human migrations

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## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-HS.ESS3.05

High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

##### SCI-HS.ESS3.05 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.

Clarification Statement: Earth Science/Environmental Science: Examples of evidence, for both data and climate model outputs, are for climate changes (such as precipitation and temperature) and their associated impacts (such as on sea level, glacial ice volumes, or atmosphere and ocean composition).
Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.D: Global Climate Change -Even though the magnitudes of human impacts are greater than they have ever been, so too are human abilities to model, predict, and manage current and future impacts.

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## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors

## Resources

• words
• list

### Websites

• Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

#### SCI-HS.ESS3.06

High School (SCI) Earth Space Science Standards
[ESS3] Earth and Human Activity

##### SCI-HS.ESS3.06 Use data from computational representations to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.

Clarification Statement: Earth Science/Environmental Science: Examples of Earth systems to be considered are the hydrosphere, atmosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and/or biosphere.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.D: Weather and Climate -Current models predict that, although future regional climate changes will be complex and varied, average global temperatures will continue to rise for the foreseeable future.
ESS3.D: Global Climate Change -Through computer simulations and other studies, important discoveries are still being made about how the ocean, the atmosphere, and the biosphere interact and are modified in response to human activities.

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## Proficiency Scale

##### 1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
• descriptors
##### 3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
• descriptors