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#### MAT-06.AR.RP.04

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (AR) Algebraic Reasoning  (RP) Ratios and Proportional Relationships Learners will use ratios, rates, and proportions to model relationships and solve problems.

## Progressions

Percents

• MAT-06.AR.RP.04 Calculate a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100. Solve problems using ratio reasoning involving finding the whole when given a part and the percent.
• MAT-07.AR.RP.04 Use proportional relationships to solve multi-step problems involving ratios, percents, and scale drawings of geometric figures, including authentic problems.

Unit Rate

• MAT-06.AR.RP.02 Describe and calculate a unit rate when given a ratio relationship between two quantities using rate language and visual models.
• MAT-06.AR.RP.05 Convert measurement units within and between measurement systems using ratio reasoning given conversion factors.
• MAT-06.AR.RP.04 Calculate a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100. Solve problems involving finding the whole, given a part, and the percent.
• MAT-07.AR.RP.01 Calculate unit rates associated with ratios of rational numbers, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units.
• MAT-09.NO.03 Choose and interpret the scale and the units in graphs and data displays.
• MAT-09.NO.04 Define appropriate quantities and units for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
• MAT-09.AR.F.05 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.
• MAT-09.AR.F.06 Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain the different properties of the function.
• MAT-12.NO.04 Use units to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems (e.g., unit analysis). Choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. Choose and interpret the scale and the units in graphs and data displays.
• MAT-12.AR.F.02 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.

#### MAT-06.AR.RP.05

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (AR) Algebraic Reasoning  (RP) Ratios and Proportional Relationships Learners will use ratios, rates, and proportions to model relationships and solve problems.

## Progressions

Unit Rate

• MAT-06.AR.RP.02 Describe and calculate a unit rate when given a ratio relationship between two quantities using rate language and visual models.
• MAT-06.AR.RP.05 Convert measurement units within and between measurement systems using ratio reasoning given conversion factors.
• MAT-06.AR.RP.04 Calculate a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100. Solve problems involving finding the whole, given a part, and the percent.
• MAT-07.AR.RP.01 Calculate unit rates associated with ratios of rational numbers, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units.
• MAT-09.NO.03 Choose and interpret the scale and the units in graphs and data displays.
• MAT-09.NO.04 Define appropriate quantities and units for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
• MAT-09.AR.F.05 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.
• MAT-09.AR.F.06 Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain the different properties of the function.
• MAT-12.NO.04 Use units to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems (e.g., unit analysis). Choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. Choose and interpret the scale and the units in graphs and data displays.
• MAT-12.AR.F.02 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.

#### MAT-06.DPS

MAT-06.DPS Domain

# (DPS) Data Probability and Statistics

## Sub-Categories

• (D) Data
Learners will represent and interpret data.
• (DA) Data Analysis
Learners will ask and answer questions by collecting, organizing, and displaying relevant data, drawing inferences and conclusions, and making predictions.
• (P) Probability
Learners will understand and apply basic concepts of probability.

## Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.

#### MAT-06.DPS.DA.01

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (DPS) Data Probability and Statistics (DA) Data Analysis Learners will ask and answer questions by collecting, organizing, and displaying relevant data, drawing inferences and conclusions, and making predictions.

## Progressions

Data Collection

• MAT-00.DPS.D.01 Sort and classify objects (up to 10) based on attributes and explain the reasoning used.
• MAT-01.DPS.D.01 Collect, organize and represent data with up to three categories using picture and bar graphs.
• MAT-02.DPS.D.01 Formulate questions and collect, organize, and represent data, with up to four categories using single unit scaled pictures and bar graphs.
• MAT-03.DPS.D.01 Formulate questions to collect, organize, and represent data with more than four categories using scaled pictures and bar graphs.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.01 Formulate questions to collect, organize, and represent data to reason with math and across disciplines.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.01 Write a statistical question that can be answered using measures of center or variability of a data set.
• MAT-07.DPS.DA.01 Identify the strengths and weaknesses of a population sample, including possible bias in the process of the data collection.
• MAT-12.DPS.06 Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population means or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.
• MAT-12.DPS.09 Recognize the purposes of and differences among sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies; explain how randomization relates to each.

#### MAT-06.DPS.DA.02

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (DPS) Data Probability and Statistics (DA) Data Analysis Learners will ask and answer questions by collecting, organizing, and displaying relevant data, drawing inferences and conclusions, and making predictions.

## Progressions

Data Analysis

• MAT-01.DPS.D.02 Analyze data by answering descriptive questions.
• MAT-02.DPS.D.03 Analyze data and interpret the results to solve one-step comparison problems using information from the graphs.
• MAT-03.DPS.D.03 Analyze data and make simple statements to solve one- and two-step problems using information from the graphs.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.02 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.03 Utilize graphs and diagrams to represent and solve word problems using the four operations involving whole numbers, benchmark fractions, and decimals.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.01 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use grade-level operations for fractions to solve problems involving information presented in line plots.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.02 Utilize graphs and diagrams to represent, analyze, and solve authentic problems using information presented in one or more tables or line plots, including whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.02 Calculate measures of center (median and mean) and variability (range and mean absolute deviation) to answer a statistical question. Identify mode(s) if they exist.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.03 Identify outliers by observation and describe their effect on measures of center and variability. Justify which measures would be appropriate to answer a statistical question.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.04 Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots and histograms. Describe any overall patterns in data, such as gaps, clusters, and skews.
• MAT-07.DPS.DA.02 Analyze and draw inferences about a population using single and multiple random samples by using given measures of center and variability for the numerical data set.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.01 Interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.02 Draw a trend line on a given scatter plot with a linear association and justify its fit by describing the closeness of the data points to the line.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.03 Solve authentic problems in the context of bivariate measurement data by interpreting the slope and intercept(s) and making predictions using a linear model.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.04 Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing bivariate categorical data collected from the same subjects.
• MAT-10.DPS.02 Compare the center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets using statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution.
• MAT-10.DPS.03 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-10.DPS.04 Distinguish between correlation and causation.
• MAT-10.DPS.10 Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data for two categorical variables. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and approximate conditional probabilities.
• MAT-12.DPS.01 Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers).
• MAT-12.DPS.02 Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and estimate population percentages. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not appropriate.
• MAT-12.DPS.03 Evaluate reports based on data.
• MAT-12.DPS.04 Represent data on a scatter plot for two quantitative variables and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-12.DPS.05 Informally assess the fit of a function by plotting and analyzing residuals.
• MAT-12.DPS.06 Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population means or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.
• MAT-12.DPS.07 Understand the process of making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.
• MAT-12.DPS.08 Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process (e.g., using simulation).

#### MAT-06.DPS.DA.03

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (DPS) Data Probability and Statistics (DA) Data Analysis Learners will ask and answer questions by collecting, organizing, and displaying relevant data, drawing inferences and conclusions, and making predictions.

## Progressions

Data Analysis

• MAT-01.DPS.D.02 Analyze data by answering descriptive questions.
• MAT-02.DPS.D.03 Analyze data and interpret the results to solve one-step comparison problems using information from the graphs.
• MAT-03.DPS.D.03 Analyze data and make simple statements to solve one- and two-step problems using information from the graphs.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.02 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.03 Utilize graphs and diagrams to represent and solve word problems using the four operations involving whole numbers, benchmark fractions, and decimals.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.01 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use grade-level operations for fractions to solve problems involving information presented in line plots.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.02 Utilize graphs and diagrams to represent, analyze, and solve authentic problems using information presented in one or more tables or line plots, including whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.02 Calculate measures of center (median and mean) and variability (range and mean absolute deviation) to answer a statistical question. Identify mode(s) if they exist.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.03 Identify outliers by observation and describe their effect on measures of center and variability. Justify which measures would be appropriate to answer a statistical question.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.04 Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots and histograms. Describe any overall patterns in data, such as gaps, clusters, and skews.
• MAT-07.DPS.DA.02 Analyze and draw inferences about a population using single and multiple random samples by using given measures of center and variability for the numerical data set.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.01 Interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.02 Draw a trend line on a given scatter plot with a linear association and justify its fit by describing the closeness of the data points to the line.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.03 Solve authentic problems in the context of bivariate measurement data by interpreting the slope and intercept(s) and making predictions using a linear model.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.04 Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing bivariate categorical data collected from the same subjects.
• MAT-10.DPS.02 Compare the center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets using statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution.
• MAT-10.DPS.03 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-10.DPS.04 Distinguish between correlation and causation.
• MAT-10.DPS.10 Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data for two categorical variables. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and approximate conditional probabilities.
• MAT-12.DPS.01 Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers).
• MAT-12.DPS.02 Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and estimate population percentages. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not appropriate.
• MAT-12.DPS.03 Evaluate reports based on data.
• MAT-12.DPS.04 Represent data on a scatter plot for two quantitative variables and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-12.DPS.05 Informally assess the fit of a function by plotting and analyzing residuals.
• MAT-12.DPS.06 Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population means or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.
• MAT-12.DPS.07 Understand the process of making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.
• MAT-12.DPS.08 Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process (e.g., using simulation).

#### MAT-06.DPS.DA.04

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (DPS) Data Probability and Statistics (DA) Data Analysis Learners will ask and answer questions by collecting, organizing, and displaying relevant data, drawing inferences and conclusions, and making predictions.

## Progressions

Displaying Data

• MAT-01.DPS.D.01 Collect, organize and represent data with up to three categories using picture and bar graphs.
• MAT-02.DPS.D.01 Formulate questions and collect, organize, and represent data, with up to four categories using single unit scaled pictures and bar graphs.
• MAT-03.DPS.D.01 Formulate questions to collect, organize, and represent data with more than four categories using scaled pictures and bar graphs.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.01 Formulate questions to collect, organize, and represent data to reason with math and across disciplines.
• MAT-02.DPS.D.02 Generate data and create line plots marked in whole number units.
• MAT-03.DPS.D.02 Generate data and create line plots marked in whole numbers, halves, and fourths of a unit.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.02 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.01 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use grade-level operations for fractions to solve problems involving information presented in line plots.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.04 Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots and histograms. Describe any overall patterns in data, such as gaps, clusters, and skews.
• MAT-09.NO.03 Choose and interpret the scale and the units in graphs and data displays.
• MAT-09.NO.05 Choose a level of accuracy or precision appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.
• MAT-10.DPS.01 Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).
• MAT-10.DPS.03 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-10.DPS.10 Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data for two categorical variables. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and approximate conditional probabilities.
• MAT-12.NO.04 Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems (e.g., unit analysis). Choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. Choose and interpret the scale and the units in graphs and data displays.
• MAT-12.DPS.04 Represent data on a scatter plot for two quantitative variables and describe how the variables are related.

Data Analysis

• MAT-01.DPS.D.02 Analyze data by answering descriptive questions.
• MAT-02.DPS.D.03 Analyze data and interpret the results to solve one-step comparison problems using information from the graphs.
• MAT-03.DPS.D.03 Analyze data and make simple statements to solve one- and two-step problems using information from the graphs.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.02 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots.
• MAT-04.DPS.D.03 Utilize graphs and diagrams to represent and solve word problems using the four operations involving whole numbers, benchmark fractions, and decimals.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.01 Generate data and create line plots to display a data set of fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use grade-level operations for fractions to solve problems involving information presented in line plots.
• MAT-05.DPS.D.02 Utilize graphs and diagrams to represent, analyze, and solve authentic problems using information presented in one or more tables or line plots, including whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.02 Calculate measures of center (median and mean) and variability (range and mean absolute deviation) to answer a statistical question. Identify mode(s) if they exist.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.03 Identify outliers by observation and describe their effect on measures of center and variability. Justify which measures would be appropriate to answer a statistical question.
• MAT-06.DPS.DA.04 Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots and histograms. Describe any overall patterns in data, such as gaps, clusters, and skews.
• MAT-07.DPS.DA.02 Analyze and draw inferences about a population using single and multiple random samples by using given measures of center and variability for the numerical data set.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.01 Interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.02 Draw a trend line on a given scatter plot with a linear association and justify its fit by describing the closeness of the data points to the line.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.03 Solve authentic problems in the context of bivariate measurement data by interpreting the slope and intercept(s) and making predictions using a linear model.
• MAT-08.DPS.DA.04 Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing bivariate categorical data collected from the same subjects.
• MAT-10.DPS.02 Compare the center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets using statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution.
• MAT-10.DPS.03 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-10.DPS.04 Distinguish between correlation and causation.
• MAT-10.DPS.10 Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data for two categorical variables. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and approximate conditional probabilities.
• MAT-12.DPS.01 Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers).
• MAT-12.DPS.02 Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and estimate population percentages. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not appropriate.
• MAT-12.DPS.03 Evaluate reports based on data.
• MAT-12.DPS.04 Represent data on a scatter plot for two quantitative variables and describe how the variables are related.
• MAT-12.DPS.05 Informally assess the fit of a function by plotting and analyzing residuals.
• MAT-12.DPS.06 Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population means or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.
• MAT-12.DPS.07 Understand the process of making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.
• MAT-12.DPS.08 Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process (e.g., using simulation).

#### MAT-06.GM

MAT-06.GM Domain

# (GM) Geometry and Measurement

## Sub-Categories

• (G) Geometry
Learners will compose and classify figures and shapes based on attributes and properties; represent and solve problems using a coordinate plane.
• (M) Measurement
Learners will represent and calculate measurement data, including time, money, and geometric measurement, and convert like measurement units within a given system.
• (AV) Area and Volume
Learners will use visualization and spatial reasoning to solve problems involving the area, surface area, and volume of geometric figures.
• (GF) Geometric Figures
Learners will use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to investigate the characteristics of figures, perform transformations, and construct logical arguments.

## Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.

#### MAT-06.GM.AV.01

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (GM) Geometry and Measurement (AV) Area and Volume Learners will use visualization and spatial reasoning to solve problems involving the area, surface area, and volume of geometric figures.

## Progressions

Area/Surface Area

• MAT-03.GM.M.07 Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement.
• MAT-03.GM.M.08 Find the area of a rectangle with whole-number side lengths by modeling with unit squares; show that area can be additive and is the same as found by multiplying the side lengths.
• MAT-04.GM.M.05 Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles, including connected rectangular figures, in problems.
• MAT-05.GM.M.02 Find the area and perimeter of a rectangle, including connected rectangular figures, with fractional side lengths.
• MAT-06.GM.AV.01 Derive the relationship of the areas of triangles using the area of rectangles. Calculate the areas of triangles and quadrilaterals in authentic and mathematical problems by composing and/or decomposing them into rectangles and triangles.
• MAT-06.GM.GF.03 Represent three-dimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles (right prisms and pyramids whose bases are triangles and rectangles). Calculate the surface area of prisms with rectangular and triangular bases using nets. Apply these techniques in the context of solving authentic and mathematical problems.
• MAT-07.GM.AV.02 Calculate areas of polygons by composing and/or decomposing them into rectangles and triangles, including in authentic problems. Solve problems involving the surface area of prisms and right pyramids using nets, including authentic problems.
• MAT-10.GM.30 Compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and kites using coordinates.
• MAT-12.GM.04 Derive the formula A=1 ab sin C for the area of a triangle by drawing an auxiliary line from a vertex perpendicular to the opposite side.

#### MAT-06.GM.AV.02

 6th Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard     (GM) Geometry and Measurement (AV) Area and Volume Learners will use visualization and spatial reasoning to solve problems involving the area, surface area, and volume of geometric figures.

## Progressions

Volume

• MAT-05.GM.M.03 Recognize volume as an attribute of rectangular prisms and measure volume by counting unit cubes.
• MAT-06.GM.AV.02 Describe the concept of volume of a right rectangular prism. Apply given formulas to calculate the volume of right rectangular prisms, including fractional edge lengths, including authentic problems.
• MAT-07.GM.AV.03 Solve problems involving the volume of prisms and composite solids, including authentic problems.
• MAT-08.GM.AV.01 Apply given formulas to solve problems involving the volume of cones, cylinders, and spheres, including authentic problems.
• MAT-10.GM.32 Calculate the surface area for prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.
• MAT-10.GM.33 Know and apply volume formulas for prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.
• MAT-10.GM.35 Apply concepts of density based on area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).

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