3rd Grade English


(L) Language

ELA-03.L

BPSS-ELA logoStrand (L)

Language

Narrative for the Language Strand:

As they move through formal schooling, students must gain control over the many conventions of standard English grammar, usage, and mechanics. They must also learn various ways to convey meaning effectively. Language standards include the rules of standard written and spoken English as well as the use of language as craft and informed choice among alternatives.  Third grade students gain control over proper use of pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and other parts of speech, produce simple, compound, and complex sentences, and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

English grammar conventions, knowledge of language, and vocabulary extend across reading, writing, speaking, and listening and, in fact, are inseparable from these contexts. As students grow in their understanding of patterns of English grammar, they can use this knowledge to make more purposeful and effective choices in their writing and speaking and more accurate and rich interpretations in their speaking and listening.

 

How to help your child with the standards in the Language Strand:

  • Engage your child in conversations every day. If possible, include new and interesting words in your conversation.
  • When coming across unknown words, encourage your child to use diagramslabels or reference materials (glossaries, dictionaries....) to find out what the definition is
  • Encourage your child to read on his own. The more children read, the more words they encounter and learn.
  • Encourage your child to "bump up" the vocabulary words they use in their writing.  Help them by finding synonyms for simple words (using enormous instead of the word big)

Resources

Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA-03.L.01

ELA Language Strand Logo 3rd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(L) Strand: Language
Cluster: Conventions of Standard English

ELA-03.L.01 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

Sub-Standards:

Introduce:
a. Produce complex and compound-complex sentences.
b. Form and use the progressive (e.g., I was walking; I am walking; I will be walking) verb tenses.
c. Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will walk) verb tenses.
d. Use helping and modal auxiliaries (e.g., can, may, must) to convey various conditions.
e. Form and use prepositional phrases.
Practice:
f. Ensure subject verb-agreement.
g. Produce compound sentences.
h. Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.
i. Use regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/.
j. Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
k. Use abstract nouns (e.g., childhood).
l. Use possessive nouns.
m. Form and use regular and irregular verbs.
n. Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
o. Form and use comparative and superlative adverbs and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
Display proficiency in:
p. Correctly use common homophones (e.g., to, too, two; there, their).
q. Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentence (simple subject/verb agreement).
r. Use collective nouns.
s. Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs.
t. Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future.
u. Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).
v. Use demonstratives (that, those, these, this)
w. Use adverbs depending on what is to be modified.
x. Use and explain interjections

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can 

Reasoning Targets

  • I can 

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can 

Proficiency Scale

The Student Will ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Simple

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
Target

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex

Resources

Vocabulary

  • LIST
  • LIST
  • LIST

Websites

  • Links to sites that open in a new window

ELA-03.L.02

ELA Language Strand Logo 3rd (ELA) Targeted Standard
(L) Strand: Language
Cluster: Conventions of Standard English

ELA-03.L.02 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

Sub-Standards:

Introduce:
a. Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
b. Form and use possessives.
c. Add prefixes and suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
d. Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
e. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
f. Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
g. Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
h. Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?) and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).
i. Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
j. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spelling, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts).

Display proficiency in:
k. Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
l. Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
m. Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil).
n. Use commas in addresses.
o. Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can identify words in a title that should be capitalized. 
  • I can name ending punctuation and how and when to use it. 
  • I can identify when a comma should be used in a sentence.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can 

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can punctuate dialogue correctly by using commas before/after speaker tags and placing quotation marks around spoken words (examples: "I was walking," Rob said, When Caleb tripped me.").
  • I can spell high frequency words correctly. 
  • I can write words correctly using common spelling patterns and generalizations.
  • I can consult reference material (dictionaries) as needed to check correct spellings. 
  • I can use periods, question and exclamation marks at the end of sentences. 
  • I can use commas to separate items in a list, city and state and in dialogue.

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
    • possessive, proper noun, contractions, comma, apostrophe
  • perform basic processes, such as:
    • (2.L.2.p, u) capitalize proper nouns (dates, names of people, holidays, product names, and geographic names)
    • (2.L.2.v) capitalize important words in titles
    • (2.L.2.q) use end punctuation for sentences.
    • (2.L.2.r) use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • Display proficiency using the following conventions in various writing activities:
    • (k) Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
    • (l) Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
    • (m) Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil).
    • (n) Use commas in addresses.
    • (o) Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • Demonstrates use of some of the following conventions in their writing:
    • Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
    • Form and use possessives.
    • Add prefixes and suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
    • Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
    • Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
    • Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
    • Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
    • Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?) and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).
    • Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
    • Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spelling, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts).

Teacher Proficiency Scale

Scoring Rubric

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

The student:

  • Makes no errors in capitalization, punctuation or spelling
  • The writing piece is exceptionally easy to read
The student may write about the same topics, but the writing conventions of capitalization, punctuation and spelling are advanced according to the indicators for a Level 4.
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

“The Standard.”  The student:

  • Makes minimal errors in grade appropriate capitalization, punctuation and spelling
  • The writing piece is easy to read
The student publishes (will be read by an outside audience) a writing piece (opinion, informative or narrative).
  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

The student:

  • Makes some errors in capitalization, punctuation and spelling
  • The errors made in conventions are noticeable and interrupt the flow of the piece
See Level 3 for example of task.
  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 content.
1.0

The student:

  • Makes many errors in capitalization, punctuation and spelling
  • The errors are noticeable and greatly interrupt the flow of the piece
See Level 3 for example of task.
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Title
  • Dialogue
  • Speaker
  • Exclamation Mark
  • Quotations
  • Capitalize
  • Period
  • Comma
  • Question Mark
  • High-frequency word
  • Spelling Pattern
  • Base word
  • Prefix/Suffix

Websites

  • Links to sites that open in a new window
  • Scholastic


ELA-03.L.03

ELA Language Strand Logo 3rd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(L) Strand: Language
Cluster: Knowledge of Language

ELA-03.L.03 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

Sub-Standards:

a. Choose words and phrases for effect.
b. Recognize and observe differences between the conventions of spoken and written standard English.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can&

Proficiency Scale

The Student Will ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Simple

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
Target

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex

Resources

Vocabulary

  • LIST
  • LIST
  • LIST

Websites

  • Links to sites that open in a new window

ELA-03.L.04

ELA Language Strand Logo 3rd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(L) Strand: Language
Cluster: Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELA-03.L.04 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases based on grade 3 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

Sub-Standards:

a. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
b. Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known affix is added to a known word (e.g., agreeable/ disagreeable, comfortable/uncomfortable, care/careless, heat/preheat).
c. Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., company, companion).
d. Use glossaries or beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can&

Proficiency Scale

The Student Will ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Simple

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
Target

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex

Resources

Vocabulary

  • LIST
  • LIST
  • LIST

Websites

  • Links to sites that open in a new window

ELA-03.L.05

ELA Language Strand Logo 3rd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(L) Strand: Language
Cluster: Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELA-03.L.05 Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

Sub-Standards:

a. Distinguish the literal and nonliteral meanings of words and phrases in context (e.g., take steps).
b. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe people who are friendly or helpful).
c. Distinguish shades of meaning among related words that describe states of mind or degrees of certainty (e.g., knew, believed, suspected, heard, wondered).

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can&

Proficiency Scale

The Student Will ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Simple

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
Target

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex

Resources

Vocabulary

  • LIST
  • LIST
  • LIST

Websites

  • Links to sites that open in a new window

ELA-03.L.06

ELA Language Strand Logo 3rd Grade (ELA) Targeted Standard
(L) Strand: Language
Cluster: Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELA-03.L.06 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can&

Proficiency Scale

The Student Will ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Start

2 Developing
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
Simple

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
Target

4 Advanced
... demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
Complex

Resources

Vocabulary

  • LIST
  • LIST
  • LIST

Websites

  • Links to sites that open in a new window