6th Grade English


Prioritized Benchmarks

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ELA-06.RL

BPSS-ELA logoStrand (RL)

Reading Literature

Narrative for (RL) Reading Literature

In grade 6, the North Dakota State Standards call for students to proficiently read grade-appropriate complex literary texts while further developing the ability to cite textual evidence to support their conclusions regarding theme, plot, and character development.  In this process, students are learning how to summarize texts by evaluating key details in which the central idea or theme is located.

In their reading practices, students complement their ability to closely examine what the text directly says by learning to identify deeper meanings within the text by drawing inferences. Along with focusing on key ideas and details, sixth grade students also look at how both the structure and content of complex texts contribute to meaning, determining how word choice as well as sentence and paragraph structure influence and contribute to the unfolding of a plot and the development and elaboration of events or ideas.

These reading standards are tightly woven with other standards found within the strands of writing, language, and speaking and listening.

Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA-06.RL.01

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(RL) Reading Literature Strand
Cluster: Key Ideas and Details

ELA-06.RL.01 Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

Student Learning Targets for Grade 6 Reading:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can define inference.
  • I can identify the term objective.
  • I can identify the term summarize.
  • I can identify the term details.
  • I can identify the term explicit.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can find textual evidence for support.
  • I can make inferences about what a text is saying, explicitly and implicitly.
  • I can provide details from a text to make and support my analysis.
  • I can determine what piece(s) of explicit and implicit textual evidence will support my analysis of the text.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can make inferences.

Product Targets

  • I can produce a written product that shows how well I can support my inferences with text.

Proficiency Scale

Score   ELA-06.RL.01 Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Sample Activity
4.0 In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations. -
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

“The Standard.” The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.

The student provides a written response that is complete and includes

  • strong understanding of how to make an analysis of text by citing evidence, both implicitly and explicitly.
  • accurate conclusions and inferences that support the analysis of the text.

The student can also analyze the text and choose the appropriate details/statements that support the inferences.

-
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0

The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

The student provides a written response that is partial and indicates

  • reasonable understanding of how to make an analysis of text.
  • a lack of textual evidence, implicit or explicit.
  • inferences and conclusions might not be relevant to the analysis of the text.
  • an accurate and complete definition of vocabulary words.
-
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0

With help, a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes. The student provides a written response that:

  • is fragmentary and indicates only minimal understanding of how to make an analysis of the text.
  • does not support the analysis of the text in the conclusion and inferences.
-
  0.5

With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

  • There is little or no response. Inaccurate and irrelevant details and ideas indicate a serious misunderstanding the story.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

 


ELA-06.RL.02

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(RL) Reading Literature Strand
Cluster: Key Ideas and Details

ELA-06.RL.02 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

Student Learning Targets for Grade 6 Reading:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can define theme.
  • I can identify the term objective.
  • I can identify the term summarize.
  • I can identify the term details.
  • I can identify the term explicit.
  • I can understand how the theme or main idea is supported by details in the text.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can explain how the details support a central idea or theme in the text.
  • I can infer the theme or central idea of a text based on the details in the text.
  • I can select a theme or main idea of a text.
  • I can determine theme.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can summarize text.
  • I can support theme with details from the book.
  • I can determine a theme in a text and use it in an objective summary.

Product Targets

  • I can write a summary of the text without showing my opinions.

Proficiency Scale

Score  READING  RL. 6.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details: provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. Sample Activity
4.0 In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations. -
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

“The Standard.” The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.

The student provides a written response that is complete and includes

  • strong understanding of the story and its theme or central idea.
  • accurate and relevant details, information, and supportive reasoning.
  • a summary free from personal opinions or judgments.

The student can also analyze the text and choose the appropriate details/statements that support the theme and/or summary.

-
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0

The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

The student provides a written response which is partial and indicates

  • reasonable understanding of the story.
  • the information selected includes mostly accurate details and ideas, some may be irrelevant or unrelated to the central idea or theme.
  • a summary that may show personal opinion or judgment.
-
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0

With help, a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes. The student provides a written response that is

  • fragmentary and indicates only minimal understanding of the story.
  • mainly random details and irrelevant information, and may not state a clear theme or central idea.
  • lacking a summary or the summary is personal opinions/judgments.
-
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

 


ELA-06.RL.03

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(RL) Reading Literature Strand
Cluster: Key Ideas and Details

ELA-06.RL.03 Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.

Student Learning Targets for Grade 6 Reading:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can identify the different parts of the plot in a story or drama.
  • I can understand the series of episodes (the steps) in a plot.
  • I can define resolution.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can analyze how the characters change as the plot moves toward a resolution.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can investigate the details of a story focusing on plot and characters.
  • I can describe the series of events that are part of a plot.
  • I can describe how a character changes throughout the story.

Product Targets

  • I can create a plot line that represents the elements of plot as it moves towards a resolution.
  • I can write how characters change and develop throughout a story and support the writing with specific details from the text.

Proficiency Scale

Score   ELA-06.RL.03 Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution. Sample Activity
4.0 In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations. -
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

“The Standard.” The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.

The student provides a written response that is complete and includes:

  • strong understanding of plot structure (exposition, rising action - conflicts, climax, falling action, and resolution in order).
  • accurately explains how events from the story cause a character to change.
  • provides accurate and relevant details of plot development.

The student also can analyze the text and choose the appropriate details/statements that support the plot structure.

-
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0

The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

There are no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes. The student provides a written response that is complete and includes

  • reasonable understanding of plot structure (does accurately identify all five parts of a plot line, in order).
  • mostly accurate explanation of how events from the story cause a character to change.
  • some details may be irrelevant or unrelated to the plot.
  • an accurate and complete definition of vocabulary words.

 

-
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0

With help, a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes. The student provides a written response that is:

  • fragmentary.
  • indicates only minimal understanding of plot structure (can identify only one or two parts of the plot line – or - the plot line was not in order).
  • Inaccurately explains how events from the story cause a character to change.
-
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary


ELA-06.RL.06

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(RL) Reading Literature Strand
Cluster: Craft and Structure

ELA-06.RL.06 Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.

Student Learning Targets for Grade 6 Reading:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can define the different types of point of view (point of view, first person, third-person limited, third-person omniscient)

Reasoning Targets

  • I can determine the author’s point of view in a text.
  • I can explain how point of view is conveyed in the text.

Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0
In addition to Score 3.0, in-depth inferences and applications that go beyond what was taught.

-
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0
The student:
  •  identifies and uses textual evidence to explain the author’s point of view in a text.
-
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0
The student:
  •  identifies the author’s point of view in the text, but textual evidence may be irrelevant or inaccurate.
  •  provides an accurate and complete definition of vocabulary words.
-
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0  

With help, a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes.

The student:

  • identified an author’s purpose, but it was inaccurate.
-
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary


ELA-06.RL.10

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(RL) Reading Literature Strand
Cluster: Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

ELA-06.RL.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

Student Learning Targets for Grade 6 Reading:

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can read and comprehend literature.

Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0
In addition to Score 3.0, in-depth comprehension and applications that go beyond what was taught.

-
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0
The student:
  • reads a given story and can correctly answer comprehension questions.
-
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0
The student:
  • reads and is able to answer some comprehension questions correctly.
-
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0 With help, a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes.  
The student:
  •  reads the story, but is unable to answer questions accurately.
-
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary


ELA-06.SL

BPSS-ELA logoStrand (SL)

Speaking and Listening

Narrative for (SL) Speaking and Listening

An important focus of the speaking and listening standards is academic discussion in one-on-one, small-group, and whole-class settings. Formal presentations are one important way such communication occurs, but so is the more informal discussion that takes place as students collaborate to ask and answer questions, build understanding, and solve problems.

These standards require that students gain, evaluate and present information, ideas, and evidence through listening and speaking as well as through incorporating media. Regardless of the speaking and listening setting, students are expected to use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

The standards within this speaking and listening strand are closely linked with the other strands of reading, writing, and language as they discuss literature and informational texts and as they work through the writing process.

Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA-06.SL.01

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(SL) Speaking and Listening Strand
Cluster: Comprehension and Collaboration

ELA-06.SL.01 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

  • a. Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.
  • b. Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
  • c. Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion.
  • d. Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing.

Student Learning Targets Grade 6 Reading:

Reasoning Targets

  • I can reflect on the key ideas of a discussion.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can ask and answer questions that pertain to the discussion topic.
  • I can follow rules for discussions. (Active listening, making eye contact, taking turns speaking, share information that is on topic, equal speaking time to all members.)

Product Targets

  • I can participate in group discussions.
  • I can use information from text to support opinions and discussions.

Rubric for 6th Grade Reading:

Click here for the 6th grade Reading rubric for SL.6.1

Student Learning Targets Grade 6 English:

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can engage in a one-on-one discussion with a classmate.
  • I can engage in a group discussion with classmates.
  • I can engage in a teacher led group discussions with diverse partners on grade 6 topics.
  • I can engage in discussion on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly.

Proficiency Scale for 6th Grade English:

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0 In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.  Reflections and ideas go beyond what is explicitly stated in class.  -
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0
The student:
  •  Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.
  •  Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
  •  Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion.
  •  Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing.

- Socratic Seminar

-Peer Editing

-"Sell me" 

-participate in debates

-fishbowl discussions

-jigsaw activities

-peer editing/peer review

-blog entries

-sharing out published writing

 

  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0  There are no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes as the student:
  •  recognizes or recalls specific terminology, such as:
    •  Coming to discussion with details pertaining to required reading material.
    •  Recognize key ideas 
    •  Define paraphrasing
  •  performs basic processes, such as:
    •  Some rules for successful discussions, et specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
    •  Pose and respond to some questions.
-
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0  

With help, a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes.

-
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary: Reflect

                    Inquire

                    Paraphrasing

                    Deadlines

                    Roles

                   Discussion

                   

 


ELA-06.W

BPSS-ELA logoStrand (W)

Writing

Narrative for (W) Writing

Students in grade 6 are increasingly challenged to sharpen their ability to write and speak with more clarity and coherence, providing clear reasons and relevant evidence to support their conclusions. While the writing standards specify that students will focus on narrative, explanatory, and argumentative writing, 6th grade students will also discover how to answer questions through writing and research.

In all of these writing opportunities, students aim toward organizing and developing their ideas with specific evidence and writing in such a way that transitions, word choice, and sentence structure all contribute to readability and meaning. Throughout the writing process, students will also learn how to prewrite, revise and edit to make their writing stronger.

These writing standards are strongly linked to a student’s understanding of literature and informational text as well as to their language standards.

Calculation Method for Strands

Strands are larger groups of related standards. The Strand Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each strand to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each strand's related standards.


ELA-06.W.01

 

6th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
(W) Writing Strand
Cluster: Text Types and Purposes

ELA-06.W.01 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

  • a. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly.
  • b. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.
  • c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
  • d. Establish and maintain a formal style.
  • e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented.

Student Learning Targets for 6th Grade English:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can choose a position in an argument.
  • I can identify the two sides of an argument.
  • I can identify effective transition statements.
  • I can define claims.
  • I can define argument.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can use logic to defend an opinion.
  • I can combine sentences with similar concepts to avoid repetition of ideas or wording.
  • I can distinguish between business and other formal documents.
  • I can evaluate audience and determine which skills and experiences should be appropriately emphasized in my document.
  • I can organize evidence to support a claim.
  • I can include relevant evidence.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can revise my paper for elaboration, description, clarity, and proper word order.
  • I can use concrete words, phrases and sensory details to convey experience and events precisely.
  • I can formulate an argument.
  • I can revise my composition for correct grammar.
  • I can use effective transitions in my writing.
  • I can establish and maintain a formal style. 
  • I can establish an objective tone.
  • I can use precise and specific language.
  • I can focus on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.
  • I can use credible sources.
  • I can use transitions to clarify relationships.

Product Targets

  • I can present a written or oral argument.
  • I can write using standard writing conventions.
  • I can write using the writing process.
  • I can write a variety of argumentative papers.
  • I can create a strong claim.

Proficiency Scale

Score   6.W.01 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Sample Activity
4.0 In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates organized evidence of a counter-argument in  their paper. The counter-argument is supported with apt references.  
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student mentions a counter-argument but it is loosely developed.
3.0

“The Standard.” The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.

The student can write an argumentative paper that

  • creates strong and clear claim.
  • presents an argument.
  • organizes evidence to support a claim.
  • includes relevant evidence.
  • uses credible sources.
  • uses transitions to clarify relationships.
  • uses a formal style.
  • provides a concluding statement that is clearly related to argument and offers sense of finality.

The student exhibits no major errors or omissions.

  • Argumentative essay
  • Letter to the editor/judge
  • Book/art/movie review--possible comparison to the informative version
  • State your claim-persuade an adult to make a decision or purchase
  • Sell me! i.e. pick a product/trip research item and convince classmates to make a purchase
  • Engage actively in a debate
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0

There are no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes as the student:

  • Introduces claim(s) and organizes the reasons and evidence with some clarity.
  • Supports claim(s) with unclear reasons and somewhat relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating little understanding of the topic or text.
  • Uses words, phrases, and clauses that do not clearly clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
  • Attempts to establish and maintain a formal style.
  • Provides a concluding statement or section that does not follow or is not clearly related to the argument presented.

However, the student exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes.

 Practice
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).  
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

www.internet4classrooms.com (29)

Vocabulary

claim 

reasons

credible sources

relevant evidence

counterclaim 

introduction

conclusion



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