12th Grade ELA Targeted Standards
[RI] Reading Information Strand
Cluster: Craft and Structure
ELA-12.RI.05 Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the author’s choices about structure to achieve a particular purpose with an intended audience.
Student Learning Targets:
- I can identify the different types of text structure: compare/contrast, problem/solution, cause/effect, description, chronological, argument/support.
- I can distinguish between exposition and argument.
- I can identify the structural elements of a paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.
- I can evaluate the author's specific choices in text structure.
- I can explain how the manipulation of sentences, paragraphs, sections, and chapters all contribute to text structure.
- I can analyze the effectiveness of a text structure in supporting the author's purpose (exposition or argument).
- I can evaluate whether the text structure aids in making points clear, convincing and engaging, and I can support my stance with specific examples.
- I can analyze whether the text structure is effective in supporting an author's idea or claim.
Skills (Performance) Targets
|Rubric - Resources
Craft & Structure
- RI 11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that creates particular effects.
- RI 11-12.5 Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the author’s choices about structure to achieve a particular purpose with an intended audience.
- RI 11-12.6 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose and possible biases in a text, and analyze how the author’s choices about style, content, and presentation are particularly effective or ineffective in achieving the author’s purposes.
In addition to expectations of proficiency, student provides consistent evidence of in-depth inferences and applications that go beyond what was taught and expected.
The student can
insightfully analyze meaning and impact of words and phrases and the effects of an author’s choices in structuring a text.
thoroughly analyze author’s point of view, cultural experience, and subtext.
connect study of literature, its craft and structure, and apply it to his/her own writing.
analyze point of view, clearly distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant, connecting usage to the author’s purpose.
- determines the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
- relates the author‘s word choice and language (including multiple meanings and language that is fresh and engaging) to the overall effect on meaning and tone.
- closely examines specific parts of a text in order to understand how an author structured and crafted that particular part to contribute to meaning or artistic effect.
- determines author’s point of view or purpose and possible biases.
- analyzes effectiveness of style, content, and presentation.
The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes.
The student can
- identify when an author uses fresh and creative language and can recognize elements of a text, but is unable to explain how craft and structure contributes to meaning.
- recognize or recall specific terminology that relates to craft and structure of informational texts, such as: figurative language, connotation, denotation, diction, imagery, irony, sarcasm, ambiguity, point of view, satire, hyperbole, understatement (litote), allusion, pun, rhetoric, ethos, pathos, logos, bias, tone.
||With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes and some of the more complex ideas and processes.