Kindergarten Math


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(OA) OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

MAT-00.OA.05.a

 

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(OA) Domain: Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Cluster: Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.

MAT-00.OA.05.a Fluently add basic facts within 5

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can say the answer for addition facts to 5 quickly (within 5 seconds).

Reasoning Targets

Skills (Performance) Targets

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Student is able to add facts to 10 with at least 90% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact. (1st grade)

I can say almost all the answers for addition facts to 10 quickly.

 
  3.5

Student answers facts to 10 with 80% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact. (1st grade)

I can say most the answers for addition facts to 10 quickly.

3.0

Student is able to add facts to 5 with at least 85% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can say almost all the answers for addition facts to 5 quickly.

-
  2.5

Student is able to add facts to 5 with at least 70% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can say many of the answers for addition facts to 5 quickly.

2.0

Student is able to add facts to 5 with at least 50% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can say some of the answers for addition facts to 5 quickly.

-
  1.5 Student is able to add facts to 5 with at least 40% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.
1.0

Student is able to add facts to 5 with at least 10% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can say at least one of the answers for addition facts to 5 quickly.

-
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • add
  • addition facts
  • sum

 


MAT-00.OA.05.b

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(OA) Domain: Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Cluster: Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.

MAT-00.OA.05.b Fluently subtract basic facts within 5

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can say the answers to subtraction facts within 5 quickly (within 5 seconds).

Reasoning Targets

Skills (Performance) Target

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Student is able to demonstrate understanding of subtraction facts to 10 with at least 90% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact. (1st grade)

I can say the answer for almost all subtraction facts to 10 quickly.

-
  3.5

Student answer subtraction facts to 10 with 80% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact. (1st grade)

I can say the answer for most subtraction facts to 10 quickly.

3.0

Student is able to answer subtraction facts within 5 with at least 85% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can answer almost all subtraction facts to 5 quickly.

-
  2.5

Student is able to answer subtraction facts within 5 with at least 70% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can answer many subtraction facts to 5 quickly.

2.0

Student is able to answer subtraction facts within 5 with at least 50% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can answer some subtraction facts to 5 quickly.

-
  1.5 Student is able to answer subtraction facts within 5 with at least 40% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.
1.0

Student is able to answer subtraction facts within 5 with at least 10% accuracy given 5 seconds per fact.

I can answer at least one subtraction fact to 5 quickly.

-
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • subtract
  • subtraction facts
  • difference
  • minus

 


PRIORITIZED STANDARDS

MAT-00.CC

BPSS-MAT logoDomain (CC)

Counting and Cardinality

 Narrative for the (CC) Counting and Cardinality

Counting and Cardinality and Operations and Algebraic Thinking are about understanding and using numbers. Counting and Cardinality underlies Operations and Algebraic Thinking as well as Number and Operations in Base Ten. It begins with early counting and telling how many in one group of objects. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division grow from these early roots.

Students usually know or can learn to say the counting words up to a given number before they can use these numbers to count objects or to tell the number of objects. In Kindergarten, students develop understanding of the relationship between numbers and quantities and connect counting to cardinality - to count a group of objects, they pair each word said with one object.  Students also develop fluency with counting to 100 by ones and tens, count to answer "how many" questions, use counting strategies to compare groups of objects, and apply counting strategies when solving addition and subtraction problems.

Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.


MAT-00.CC.01

 

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(CC) Domain: Counting and Cardinality
Cluster: Know number names and the count sequence.

MAT-00.CC.01 Count to 100 by ones and by tens. Counts backward from 20 by ones.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can count to 100 by ones.

  • I can count to 100 by tens.

Reasoning Targets

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can count to 100 by ones.
  • I can count to 100 by tens.

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Student is able to count without error to 120 starting at any number.

I can count (out loud and written) to 120 starting from any number.

 
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

Student is able to count to 100 by ones without error.

and

Student is able to count to 100 by tens without error.

I can count out loud to 100 by ones starting from one.

I can count out loud to 100 by tens starting from ten.

-
  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

Student is able to rote count to at least 50 by ones without error.

and

Student is able to rote count to at least 50 by tens without error.

I can count out loud to 50 by ones starting from one.

I can count out loud to 50 by tens starting from 10.

-
  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content.
1.0

Student is able to rote count up to 20 by ones, but may have errors among the teen numbers.

I can count out loud to 10 starting from one with no mistakes.

I can count out loud higher than 10 but I make some mistakes.

-
  0.5

Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Student is unable to rote count to 10 without error.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • Count
  • Number Words (zero - one hundred)

 


MAT-00.CC.03

 

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(CC) Domain: Counting and Cardinality
Cluster: Know number names and the count sequence.

MAT-00.CC.03 Write numbers sequentially from 0 to 20. Write a given number from 0 to 20.  

(Note: The second part of this standard is assessed within 00.CC.05 - Count to answer "How many.")

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

Reasoning Targets

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can write numbers from 0 to 20 in order.

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Student is able to write numbers to 100 with no errors.

I can write numbers 0-100 in order with no mistakes.

-
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

Student is able to write numbers 0-20 in order with no errors.

I can write numbers 0-20 in order with no mistakes.

-
  2.5

No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.

Student is able to write numbers 0-20 with no more than two errors.

2.0

Student is able to write numbers above 10, with no errors existing for writing numbers 0-10 in order.

I can write numbers 0-10 in order with no mistakes.

-
  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content.
1.0

Student is able to write numbers 1-10, with no errors existing for writing numbers 1-5.

I can write numbers 1-5 in order with no mistakes.

-
  0.5

Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • number words (zero - twenty)

 


MAT-00.CC.05

 

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(CC) Domain: Counting and Cardinality
Cluster: Count to tell the number of objects.

MAT-00.CC.05 Count to answer how many questions.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

Reasoning Targets

  • I can match a number to show how many objects I count.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can count to tell you how many.
  • I can write a number to show how many.
  • I can count the number of things asked for.

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Advanced criteria under development.

In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content.

-
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

Student is able to write a number to show "how many" up to 20 objects without error.

I can write a number to show how many objects I count with no mistakes.

-
  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

Student is able to match a numeral to a quantity up to 20 objects without error.

I can match numbers to show how many objects I count with no mistakes.

-
  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content.
1.0

Student is able to count/show quantities up to 20 objects when asked with no errors for the quantities 1 to 5.

I can count/show up to 5 objects when asked for with no mistakes.

-
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • number words (zero - twenty)
  • count

 


MAT-00.CC.06

 

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(CC) Domain: Counting and Cardinality
Cluster: Compare numbers.

MAT-00.CC.06 Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group up to 10 objects, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

Reasoning Targets

  • I can compare groups to decide which is greater than, less than, or equal to another group. (up to 10 objects)

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can show/create a group that has an equal amount to another group.
  • I can show/create a group that is less than the amount in another group.
  • I can show/create a group that is greater than the amount in another group.

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Advanced criteria under development.

In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content.

-
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

Student is able to identify/create groups greater than, less than, and equal to another group without error.

I can show/create a group that has an equal amount to another group.

I can show/create a group that is less than the amount in another group.

I can show/create a group that is greater than the amount in another group.

-
  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

Student is able to demonstrate understanding of at least 2 of the 3 concepts: greater than, less than, and equal to another group without error.

I can show/create a group that has an equal amount to another group.

I can show/create a group that is less than the amount in another group.

I can show/create a group that is greater than the amount in another group.

-
  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content.
1.0

Student is able to identify or create groups using the terms "more, less, bigger, smaller, and/or same.

I can show which group has more or less, is bigger or smaller.

I can show a group that has the same amount as another group.

 
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • greater than
  • less than
  • equal to
  • more / bigger
  • less / smaller
  • same

 


MAT-00.G

BPSS-MAT logoDomain (G)

Geometry

 Narrative for the (G) Geometry

Understanding and describing shapes and space is one of the two critical areas of Kindergarten mathematics. Students develop geometric concepts and spatial reasoning from experience with two perspectives on space: the shapes of objects and the relative positions of objects.

In the domain of shape, students learn to match two-dimensional shapes even when the shapes have different orientations. They learn to name shapes such as circles, triangles, and squares, whose names occur in everyday language, and distinguish them from non-examples of these categories, often based initially on visual models. Students also begin to name and describe three-dimensional shapes with mathematical vocabulary, such as “sphere,” “cube,” “cylinder,” and “cone.” They identify faces of three-dimensional shapes as two-dimensional geometric figures and explicitly identify shapes as two-dimensional (“flat” or lying in a plane) or three-dimensional.

A second important area for kindergartners is the composition of geometric figures. Students not only build shapes from components, but also compose shapes to build pictures and designs.

Finally, in the domain of spatial reasoning, students discuss not only shape and orientation, but also the relative positions of objects, using terms such as “above,” “below,” “next to,” “behind,” “in front of,” and “beside.”  They use these spatial reasoning competencies, along with their growing knowledge of three-dimensional shapes and their ability to compose them, to model objects in their environment.

Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.


MAT-00.G.02

MAT-00 Targeted Standards
(G) Domain: Geometry
Cluster: Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres).

MAT-00.G.02 Correctly name shapes and solids (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, cubes,and spheres) regardless of their orientations or overall size.

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can name 2-D and 3-D shapes.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can understand the size of a shape does not change its name.
  • I can understand the direction of a shape does not change its name.

Skills (Performance) Targets

Product Targets

 

Rubric / Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

Advanced criteria under development.

In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content.

-
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

Student is able to correctly name all 2-D and 3-D shapes - circle, square, triangle, rectangle, hexagon, and rhombus, cube, cone, cylinder, and sphere.

I can name the 2-D shapes asked for - circle, square, triangle, rectangle, hexagon, and rhombus.

I can name the 3-D shapes asked for - cube, cone, cylinder, and sphere.

 
  2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content.
2.0

Student is able to correctly name all 2-D shapes correctly - circle, square, triangle, rectangle, hexagon, and rhombus.

I can name the 2-D shapes asked for - circle, square, triangle, rectangle, hexagon, and rhombus.

-
  1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content.
1.0

Student is able to name basic 2-D shapes - circle, square, and triangle.

I can name circles, squares, and triangles.

-
  0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill is demonstrated.

Resources

Websites

Vocabulary

  • square
  • circle
  • triangle
  • rectangle
  • hexagons
  • cube
  • cone
  • cylinder
  • sphere
  • flat
  • solid
  • side
  • corner
  • angle
  • edge
  • face
  • 2-D
  • 3-D

 


MAT-00.MD

BPSS-MAT logoDomain (MD)

Measurement and Data

Narrative for the (MD) Measurement and Data

Measurement is the process of assigning a number to a magnitude of some attribute shared by some class of objects, such as length, relative to a unit. Students often initially hold undifferentiated views of measurable attributes, saying that one object is “bigger” than another whether it is longer, or greater in area, or greater in volume, and so forth. For example, two students might both claim their block building is “the biggest.” Conversations about how they are comparing—one building may be taller (greater in length) and another may have a larger base (greater in area)—help students learn to discriminate and name these measureable attributes. As they discuss these situations and compare objects using different attributes, they learn to distinguish, label, and describe several measureable attributes of a single object

As students work with data in Grades K–5, they build foundations for their study of statistics and probability in Grades 6 and beyond, and they strengthen and apply what they are learning in arithmetic. Kindergarten work with data uses counting and order relations. First- and second-graders solve addition and subtraction problems in a data context.

Students in Kindergarten classify objects into categories, initially specified by the teacher and perhaps eventually elicited from students. For example, in a science context, the teacher might ask students in the class to sort pictures of various organisms into two piles: organisms with wings and those without wings. Students can then count the number of specimens in each pile. Students can use these category counts and their understanding of cardinality to say whether there are more specimens with wings or without wings.

Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.



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