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# Number and Operation in Base Ten

## Narrative for the (NBT) Number and Operation in Base Ten

At Grade 2, students extend their base-ten understanding to hundreds. They now add and subtract within 1000, with composing and decomposing, and they understand and explain the reasoning of the processes they use. They become fluent with addition and subtraction within 100.

Students extend their understanding of the base-ten system by viewing 10 tens as forming a new unit called a “hundred.” This lays the groundwork for understanding the structure of the base-ten system as based in repeated bundling in groups of 10 and understanding that the unit associated with each place is 10 of the unit associated with the place to its right.

Students also begin to work towards multiplication when they skip count by 5s, by 10s, and by 100s. This skip counting is not yet true multiplication because students don’t keep track of the number of groups they have counted.

## Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.

#### MAT-02.NBT.01 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(NBT) Number and Operations in Base Ten
Cluster: Understand place value.

##### MAT-02.NBT.01 Demonstrate understanding that the three digits of a three-digit number represent amounts of hundreds, tens, and ones, including:
a. 100 can be thought of as a bundle of ten tens called a “hundred”.
b. Multiples of 100 represent a number of hundreds, 0 tens, and 0 ones.

#### MAT-02.NBT.01.a

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(NBT) Domain: Number and Operations in Base TenCluster: Understand place value. MAT-02.NBT.01.a Understand that the three digits of a three-digit number represent amounts of hundreds, tens, and ones; e.g., 706 equals 7 hundreds, 0 tens, and 6 ones. Understand the following as special cases: 100 can be thought of as a bundle of ten tens - called a "hundred".

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

## Resources

### Vocabulary

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#### MAT-02.NBT.01.b

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(NBT) Domain: Number and Operations in Base TenCluster: Understand place value. MAT-02.NBT.01.b Understand that the three digits of a three-digit number represent amounts of hundreds, tens, and ones; e.g., 706 equals 7 hundreds, 0 tens, and 6 ones. Understand the following as special cases: The numbers 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine hundreds (and 0 tens and 0 ones).

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

## Resources

### Vocabulary

• List

#### MAT-02.NBT.02 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(NBT) Number and Operations in Base Ten
Cluster: Understand place value.

#### MAT-02.NBT.03 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(NBT) Number and Operations in Base Ten
Cluster: Understand place value.

#### MAT-02.NBT.04

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(NBT) Domain: Number and Operations in Base TenCluster: Understand place value. MAT-02.NBT.04 Compare two three-digit numbers based on meanings of the hundreds, tens, and ones digits, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

## Resources

### Vocabulary

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#### MAT-02.NBT.05 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(NBT) Number and Operations in Base Ten
Cluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.

#### MAT-02.NBT.06

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(NBT) Domain: Number and Operations in Base TenCluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. MAT-02.NBT.06 Add up to four two-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

## Resources

### Vocabulary

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#### MAT-02.NBT.07

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(NBT) Domain: Number and Operations in Base TenCluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. MAT-02.NBT.07 Add and subtract within 1000, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method. Understand that in adding or subtracting three-digit numbers, one adds or subtracts hundreds and hundreds, tens and tens, ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to compose or decompose tens or hundreds.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

## Resources

### Vocabulary

• List

#### MAT-02.NBT.08 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(NBT) Number and Operations in Base Ten
Cluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.

#### MAT-02.NBT.09

Under Development

 MAT-02 Targeted Standards(NBT) Domain: Number and Operations in Base TenCluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. MAT-02.NBT.09 Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations.

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## Proficiency (Rubric) Scale

 Score Description Sample Activity 4.0 Student is able to - 3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success. 3.0 “The Standard.” Student is able to - 2.5 No major errors or emissions regarding 2.0 content and partial knowledge of the 3.0 content. 2.0 Student is able to - 1.5 In addition to 1.0 content, student has partial knowledge of the 2.0 and/or 3.0 content. 1.0 Student is able to - 0.5 Limited or no understanding of the skill id demonstrated.

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# Operations and Algebraic Thinking

## Narrative for the (OA) Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Algebraic thinking is about generalizing arithmetic operations and operating on unknown quantities.  It involves recognizing and analysing patterns and developing generalizations about these patterns.  In algebra, symbols can be used to represent generalizations. Operations and Algebraic Thinking deals with the basic operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division - the relationships they model, the kinds of problems they can be used to solve, as well as, their mathematical properties and relationships.

Grade 2 students build upon their work in Grade 1 with operations and algebraic thinking in two major ways. They represent and solve situational problems which involve addition and subtraction within 100 rather than within 20, and they represent and solve two-step situational problems in which the result is unknown, the change is unknown, and the start is unknown. (20 + 15 = ___; 20 + ___ = 46; ___ + 14=26)

## Calculation Method for Domains

Domains are larger groups of related standards. The Domain Grade is a calculation of all the related standards. Click on the standard name below each Domain to access the learning targets and rubrics/ proficiency scales for individual standards within the domain.

#### MAT-02.OA.01 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(OA) Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Cluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.

#### MAT-02.OA.02 2nd Grade (MAT) Targeted Standard
(OA) Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Cluster: Add and subtract within 20.

##### MAT-02.OA.02 Use mental strategies to fluently add and subtract within 20.

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