6th Grade Physical Science


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MS-PS3

SCI-MS.PS3.04

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS3] Energy

SCI-MS.PS3.04 Investigate to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, mass, and change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.

Clarification Statement: Examples of experiments could include comparing final water temperatures after different masses of ice melted in the same volume of water with the same initial temperature, the temperature change of samples of different materials with the same mass as they cool or heat in the environment, or the same material with different masses when a specific amount of energy is added.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles of matter. The relationship between the temperature and the total energy of a system depends on the types, states, and amounts of matter present.
PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer The amount of energy transfer needed to change the temperature of a matter sample by a given amount depends on the nature of the matter, the size of the sample, and the environment


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-MS.PS3.05

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS3] Energy

SCI-MS.PS3.05 Construct and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.

Clarification Statement: Examples of empirical evidence used in arguments may include an inventory or other representation of the energy before and after the transfer in the form of temperature changes or motion of object.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer When the motion energy of an object changes, there is inevitably some other change in energy at the same time.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

MS-PS4

SCI-MS.PS4

BPSS-SCI logo DCI Physical Science PS4

Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

Performance Expectations

PS4 help students formulate an answer to the question , “ What are the characteristic properties of waves and how can they be used ? ”

At the middle school level, the PS4 Disciplinary Core Idea is broken down into Wave Properties, Electromagnetic Radiation, and Information Technologies and Instrumentation. Students are able to describe and predict characteristic properties and behaviors of waves when the waves interact with matter. Students can apply an understanding of waves as a means to send digital information. 

The performance expectation s in PS4 focus on students demonstrating proficiency in developing and using models, using mathematical thinking , and obtaining, evaluating and communicating information; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.


SCI-MS.PS4.01

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers

SCI-MS.PS4.01 Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on describing waves with both qualitative and quantitative thinking.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.A: Wave Properties A simple wave has a repeating pattern with a specific wavelength, frequency, and amplitude.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can define amplitude, energy, wavelength, frequency, etc.
  • I can define a wave, wave crest/peak, wave trough/valley, etc.

Reasoning Targets

  • I can describe the difference between a longitudinal and transverse wave.
  • I can characterize physical waves by frequency, wavelength, and amplitude.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can apply these properties to the pitch and volume of sound waves and to the wavelength and magnitude of water waves.
  • I can calculate the change in the energy of a wave given the change in the amplitude.

Product Targets

  • I can create a wave of given amplitude.
  • I can create a wave with quadruple the energy of a given wave.

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • Key Vocabulary: Crest, Trough, Frequency, Amplitude, Speed, Wavelength, Transverse, Longitudinal, Electromagnetic, Mechanical, Rest
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • predict the effects of changing frequency, wavelength and amplitude
  • explain the relationship between amplitude and energy. (If energy increases, amplitude increases)
Sample Activity:
Use snakey springs/slinky to demonstrate how waves transfer energy

4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Crest
  • Trough
  • Frequency
  • Amplitude
  • Speed
  • Wavelength
  • Transverse
  • Longitudinal
  • Electromagnetic
  • Mechanical
  • Rest

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-MS.PS4.02

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers

SCI-MS.PS4.02 Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on both light and mechanical waves. Examples of models could include drawings, simulations, and written descriptions.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.A: Wave Properties A sound wave needs a medium through which it is transmitted.
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation When light shines on an object, it is reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through the object, depending on the object’s material and the frequency (color) of the light. The path that light travels can be traced as straight lines, except at surfaces between different transparent materials (e.g., air and water, air and glass) where the light path bends. However, because light can travel through space, it cannot be a matter wave, like sound or water waves.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can compare the refraction of visible light through different materials.
  • I can predict how different surfaces and lenses affect the behavior of light waves and the resulting image.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognize or recall specific terminology, such as:
  • transparent, translucent, concave, convex.
  • perform basic processes, such as:
    identifies sources of light and describes evidence that it moves in a straight line.
Sample Activity:
Identify vocabulary words based on pictures provided showing types of lenses and the effects of transparency, etc…
Identify various pictures as sources of light (or not) and label a picture showing where light rays will go based on the origin of that light.

3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • compare the refraction of visible light through different materials (transparent and translucent).
  • predict how different surfaces and lenses affect the behavior of light waves and the resulting image.
Sample Activity:
Predict/test the outcome of light refraction on various objects in an activity setting.
Create a chart of rules that states how light will behave when reflected and refracted by different surfaces and lenses.

4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
Sample Activity:
Develop a company brochure including the benefits and restrictions of products offered using the reflection and refraction of light including lenses and mirrors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

SCI-MS.PS4.03

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS4] Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfers

SCI-MS.PS4.03 Evaluate how different forms of technology utilize different signals.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on a basic understanding that waves can be used for communication purposes. Examples could include using fiber optic cable to transmit light pulses, radio wave pulses in WiFi devices, and conversion of stored binary patterns to make sound or text on a computer screen.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation Digitized signals (sent as wave pulses) are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information.


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can

Product Targets

  • I can

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors
4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • words
  • list

Websites

  • Title of website with a URL to open in a new window

PRIORITIZED STANDARDS

SCI-06.2.01

Science Targeted Benchmarks

Standard 2: Science Inquiry

Scientific Method

SCI-06.2.01 Explain and use the steps of the scientific investigation (e.g., hypothesis, observation, data collect, data interpretation, communication of results, replicable).

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can identify the steps of the scientific method in order.
  • I can demonstrate knowledge of the steps of the scientific method.

Reasoning Targets

  •  I can apply the scientific method in solving real-world problems with unclear or multiple solutions.

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can conduct a scientific experiment following the scientific method.

Product Targets

  • I can write a testable if/then/because hypothesis.
  • I can use data and evidence to write a conclusion accepting or rejecting a hypothesis.

Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.

The student:

  • is able to design a valid experiment using the scientific method.
  • Sample: The experiment can be repeated based on accurate information.
  3.5

In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.

  •  creates a scientific experiment following the scientific method and writes a complete lab report. *Student does not conduct the experiment.
3.0

The student:

  • is able to identify and apply the steps of the scientific method
The student exhibits no major errors or omissions.
 Sample: Generate data tables using variables. Analyzes and uses collected data in lab conclusion.
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0

There are no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes as the student:

Key Vocab: Hypothesis, Independent Variable, Dependent Variable, Evidence, Data, Control, Quantitative, Qualitative, Conclusion, Graph, Scientific Method and Procedure

However, the student exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes.
 
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).  
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

Click Here for additional resources for the Scientific Method

Vocabulary

  • Scientific Method
  • Hypothesis
  • Observation
  • Data Collection / Data Interpretation
  • Independent / Dependent Variable

 


SCI-06.2.04

Science Targeted Benchmarks

Standard 2: Science Inquiry

Measurement

SCI-06.2.04 Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather and analyze data. 

Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can determine what tools are most appropriate for gathering data (e.g., ruler, beaker, scales, visual observations, or tables).

Reasoning Targets

  • I can select the appropriate measuring tool for an investigation
  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can convert measurements between units in the metric system.

Product Targets

  • I can
  • I can

Proficiency Scale

Score   Description Sample Activity
4.0

In addition to Score 3.0, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.

  •  
  3.5 In addition to Score 3.0 performance, the student demonstrates in-depth inferences and applications regarding the more complex content with partial success.
3.0

The student:

  • is able to use proper tool to measure accurately.
  • labels measurements with the correct unit.
  • performs simple one step metric conversions (i.e., meters to kilometers).
The student exhibits no major errors or omissions.
 Sample: Using the correct units according to size of object
  2.5 The student demonstrates no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and partial knowledge of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
2.0

There are no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes as the student:

  • selects proper tool for gathering data
  • identifies appropriate units for measurement (Mass, Length, Volume)
  • Key Vocabulary: Graduated Cylinder, Triple Beam Balance, Beaker, Ruler, Digital Scale, Kilometer, Meter, Gram, Liter, Centimeter, Millimeter
However, the student exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes.
 Sample: ruler, beaker, visual observations, tables, etc.
  1.5 The student demonstrates partial knowledge of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and procedures (Score 3.0 content).
1.0 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).  
  0.5 With help, the student demonstrates a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) but not the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).

Resources

Websites

  • Click Here for an additional resource for measurement
  • Click Here for an additional resource for Triple Beam Balances

Vocabulary

  • Length, Volume, Mass
  • Ruler (Meter, Centimeter, Millimeter)
  • Beaker/ Graduated Cylinder (Liter, Milliliter)
  • Triple Beam Balance (Kilogram, Grams)

 


SCI-MS.PS1

BPSS-SCI logo DCI Physical Science PS1

Matter and Its Interactions

Performance Expectations

PS1 help students to formulate an answer to the question , “ How do atomic and molecular interactions explain the properties of matter that we see and feel? ” by building understanding of what occurs at the atomic and molecular scale.

In middle school , the PS1 Disciplinary Core Idea is broken down into two sub-ideas: the structure and properties of matter  and chemical reactions. By the end of middle school , students will be able to apply understanding that pure substances have characteristic physical and chemical properties and are made from a single type of atom or molecule. They will be able to provide molecular level accounts to explain states of matters and changes between states , that chemical reactions involve regrouping of atoms to form new substances , and that atoms rearrange during chemical reactions. Students are also able to apply an understanding of the design and the process of optimization in engineering to chemical reaction systems.

In the PS1 performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate proficiency in developing and using models, analyzing and interpreting data, designing solutions, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Students use these scientific and engineering practices to demonstrate understanding of the disciplinary core ideas.

Calculation Method for DCI

Disciplinary Core Ideas are larger groups of related Performance Expectations. So the Disciplinary Core Idea Grade is a calculation of all the related Performance Expectations. So click on the Performance Expectation name below each Disciplinary Core Idea to access the learning targets and proficiency scales for each Disciplinary Core Idea's related Performance Expectations.


SCI-MS.PS1.01

Physical Science Logo6th Grade (SCI) Physical Science Standards
[PS1] Matter and Its Interaction

SCI-MS.PS1.01 Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on developing models of molecules that vary in complexity. Examples of simple molecules could include ammonia and methanol. Examples of extended structures could include sodium chloride or diamonds. Examples of molecular-level models could include drawings, 3D ball and stick structures, or computer representations showing different molecules with different types of atoms.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter Substances are made from different types of atoms, which combine with one another in various ways. Atoms form molecules that range in size from two to thousands of atoms. Solids may be formed from molecules, or they may be extended structures with repeating subunits (e.g., crystals).


Student Learning Targets:

Knowledge Targets

  • I can recognize names and symbols of common elements.
  • I can use the periodic table to compare elements

Reasoning Targets

  • I can

Skills (Performance) Targets

  • I can count the numbers and types of atoms in a molecular formula.
  • I can count the numbers and types of atoms in a structural formula.
  • I can compare elements characteristics based on their families/groups

Product Targets

  • I can construct a model of an atom
  • I can construct or deconstruct molecular formula (molecules/compounds).

Proficiency Scale

The Student can ...
1 Beginning
... with help, demonstrate a partial understanding of some of the simpler details and processes (Score 2.0 content) and some of the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • descriptors
2 Developing
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but exhibits major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes (Score 3.0 content).
  • recognizes or recalls specific terminology, such as:
    • structural & molecular formula
    • atom, element, molecule, compound
    • proton, neutron, electron, nucleus
    • chemical bond
    • subscript
  • performs basic processes, such as:
    • counts numbers and types of atoms in a molecular formula
3 Proficient
“The Standard.”
... demonstrate no major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and processes that were end of instruction expectations.
  • Constructs models of molecules from a molecular formula
  • Construct models of a network solid (salt, diamond, etc.)
  • Constructs model of an atom including subatomic particles
4 Advanced
... demonstrate in-depth inferences and applications regarding more complex material that go beyond end of instruction expectations.
  • descriptors

Resources

Vocabulary

  • Atoms
  • Molecules
  • Elements
  • Compounds
  • Subatomic Particles: 
  • Nucleus
  • Protons
  • Neutrons
  • Electrons

Websites



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